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    Archived pages: 31 . Archive date: 2013-01.

  • Title: OS - Home
    Descriptive info: .. Ocean Science.. An Interactive Open Access Journal of the European Geosciences Union.. |.. EGU.. eu.. |.. Contact.. EGU Journals.. Home.. Online Library OS.. Online Library OSD.. Alerts & RSS Feeds.. General Information.. Submission.. Review.. Production.. Subscription.. Comment on a Paper.. Definitions.. Ocean Science (OS).. Executive Editors:.. William.. Jenkins.. ,.. Eric J.. M.. Delhez.. &.. John M.. Huthnance.. Open Access Public Peer-Review Interactive Public Discussion Personalized Copyright under a Creative Commons License Moderate.. Service Charges.. Indexed in.. Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science).. Scopus.. ADS.. Chemical Abstracts.. GeoRef.. Google Scholar.. and.. J-Gate.. Included in the.. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).. as well as in the.. Bodleian Library (UK).. Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (D).. Library of Congress (USA).. Long-term e-archived in.. Portico.. CLOCKSS.. Aims and Scope.. Ocean Science (OS) is a new international and free to web scientific journal dedicated to the publication and discussion of research articles, short communications and review papers  ...   be covered by a small page charge paid by the authors.. The refereeing process also makes use of the web.. It includes an eight week online discussion period with the original submitted paper, all comments and, if accepted, the final paper, published online.. For libraries, hard copy volumes containing the final papers will be available at minimum cost.. Ocean Science covers the following fields:.. Ocean Physics (i.. e.. ocean structure, circulation, tides and internal waves);.. Ocean Chemistry;.. Biological Oceanography;.. Air-Sea Interactions;.. Ocean Models, physical, chemical and biological and biochemical;.. Coastal and shelf edge processes;.. Paleooceanography.. Issuing Body.. Ocean Science (OS) and Ocean Science Discussions (OSD) are published by the Copernicus GmbH (Copernicus Publications) on behalf of the.. European Geosciences Union.. (EGU).. OS.. ISSN.. 1812-0784.. eISSN.. 1812-0792.. http://www.. ocean-sci.. net.. OSD.. 1812-0822.. ocean-sci-discuss.. Search OS.. Announcements.. OS introduces full Service Charges.. Overview of Scheduled Special Issues.. EGU Position Statement on Discussion Papers.. Recent Papers..

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  • Title: OS - General Contact
    Descriptive info: Editorial Board.. General Contact.. Journal Subject Areas.. Special Issues.. Publication Policy.. Financial Support.. License and Copyright.. Further Information.. Announcements Archive.. FAQ.. Editorial Support.. editorial@copernicus.. org | Phone +49-551-900339-40.. Natascha Töpfer.. Head of Editorial Support.. natascha.. toepfer@copernicus.. org.. Phone +49-551-900339-40.. Publication Production.. production@copernicus.. org | Phone +49-551-900339-50.. Nadine Deisel.. Head of Publication Production Promotion.. nadine.. deisel@copernicus.. Phone +49-551-900339-50.. Accounting Subscription.. accounting@copernicus.. org | Phone +49-551-900339-12.. Nicole Stapf.. nicole.. stapf@copernicus.. Phone +49-551-900339-16.. Natalie Walter.. natalie.. walter@copernicus.. Phone +49-551-900339-12.. Further contacts of editorial and production staff members are provided on the.. Copernicus Publications Website..

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  • Title: OS - Alerts & RSS Feeds
    Descriptive info: RSS Feeds.. RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is an XML based web content syndication format used to deliver constantly updated headline feeds to readers.. To subscribe RSS feeds, you will need to use a News Reader or a Feed Reader.. News Readers or Feed Readers are available either online or  ...   now also contain features that allow you to read RSS feeds.. In some News Readers or Feed Readers you can simply drag and drop the orange RSS buttons.. The reader checks your subscribed feeds regularly for new content, downloading any updates that it finds.. OS RSS Feeds.. OSD RSS Feeds..

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  • Title: OS - Editorial Board
    Descriptive info: Advisory Board Members.. Bernard.. Barnier.. Phone +33-(0)476-825066.. Fax +33-(0)476-825271.. bernard.. barnier@legi.. grenoble-inp.. fr.. LEGI-CNRS-UJF, LEGI, MEOM.. BP53.. 38041 Grenoble.. France.. Scott.. Doney.. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Marine Chemistry & Geochemistry.. United States.. Eberhard.. Fahrbach.. Phone +49-(0)471-48311820.. Fax +49-(0)471-48311797.. efahrbach@awi-bremerhaven.. de.. Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Climate Sciences.. Bussestr.. 24.. 27570 Bremerhaven.. Germany.. Shiro.. Imawaki.. Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology.. Japan.. Catherine.. Jeandel.. Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, LEGOS.. John A.. Johnson.. Phone +44-(0)1603-593710.. Fax +44-(0)1603-593868.. j.. johnson@uea.. ac.. uk.. University of East Anglia, School of Mathematics.. Norwich NR4 7TJ.. United Kingdom.. Trevor.. McDougall.. trevor.. mcdougall@csiro.. au.. University of New South Wales, School of Mathematics and Statistics.. New South Wales 2052.. Australia.. David.. Webb.. Phone +44-(0)23-80596199.. djw@soton.. National Oceanography Centre, Ocean Modelling and Forecasting Research Group.. Empress Dock.. Southampton SO14 3ZH.. Executive Editors.. (Chief-Executive Editor).. wjenkins@whoi.. edu.. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry.. MS#25.. Woods Hole, MA 02543.. Phone +32-(0)4366-9419.. Fax +32-(0)4366-9489.. e.. delhez@ulg.. be.. University of Liège, Department ASMA.. Sart-Tilman B37.. 4000 Liège.. Belgium.. Phone +44-(0)151-7954852.. Fax +44-(0)151-7954801.. jmh@noc.. NERC National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool.. 6 Brownlow Street.. Liverpool L3 5DA.. Topic Editors.. Sabine.. Arnault.. Phone +33-(0)1-44274971.. Fax +33-(0)1-44277159.. sa@locean-ipsl.. upmc.. IRD, LOCEAN-IPSL.. 4 place Jussieu, Tour 14-2 case 100.. 75252 Paris cedex 05.. William M..  ...   kosro@coas.. oregonstate.. Oregon State University, College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences.. 104 Ocean Admin Bldg.. Oregon 97331-5503.. Markus.. Meier.. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Rossby Centre.. Sweden.. A.. J.. George.. Nurser.. agn@noc.. Southampton Oceanography Centre, Room 256/15, James Rennell Division for Ocean Circulation.. Nadia.. Pinardi.. Phone +39-(0)51-3782624.. Fax +39-(0)513782654.. n.. pinardi@sincem.. unibo.. it.. University of Bologna, SINCEM, Environmental Sciences Laboratory, Physics.. Via S.. Alberto 163.. Emilia-Romagna.. 48100 Ravenna.. Italy.. Carol.. Robinson.. Phone +44-(0)1603-593174.. Fax +44-(0)1603-591327.. carol.. robinson@uea.. University of East Anglia, School of Environmental Sciences.. Andreas.. Schiller.. CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research.. Jens.. Schröter.. Phone +49-(0)471-48311762.. jens.. schroeter@awi.. Alfred Wegener Institute.. Sterl.. Phone +31-(0)30-2206766.. Fax +31-(0)30-2210407.. andreas.. sterl@knmi.. nl.. Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Climate Research/Global Climate.. Wilhelminalaan 10.. 3732 GK De Bilt.. Netherlands.. Stevens.. Phone +44-(0)1603-592590.. d.. stevens@uea.. Earlham Road.. Norwich NR47TJ.. Toshio.. Suga.. Phone +81-(0)22-7956527.. Fax +81-(0)22-7956530.. suga@pol.. gp.. tohoku.. jp.. Tohoku University, Graduate School of Science, Department of Geophysics.. Aoba-ku.. 980-8578 Sendai.. Neil C.. Wells.. Phone +44-(0)23-80592428.. Fax +44-(0)23-80593059.. wells@noc.. National Oceanography Centre, School of Ocean and Earth Sciences.. Andrew.. Willmott.. Phone +44-(0)151-7954848.. ajwil@pol.. National Oceanography Centre, Director of Science and Technology.. Joseph Proudman Building, 6 Brownlow Street.. L3 5DA.. Liverpool.. Oliver.. Zielinski.. oliver.. zielinski@icbm.. University Oldenburg, ICBM, Marine Sensor Systems.. Schleusenstrasse 1.. 26382 Wilhelmshaven..

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  • Title: OS - General Terms
    Descriptive info: General Terms.. Manuscript Types.. Manuscript Preparation.. Manuscript Submission.. Scheduled Special Issues.. LaTeX Instructions.. MS WORD Instructions.. Obligations for Authors.. While Copernicus Publications and the.. welcome any original scientific work for publication, we expect that:.. the work submitted for publication has not been published before, except in the form of an abstract or proceedings-type publication (including electronic preprints and discussion papers), or as part of a published lecture or thesis, and that it is not under consideration for peer-reviewed publication elsewhere;.. its publication has been approved by all author(s) and, tacitly or explicitly, by the responsible authorities and/or the institutes where the work has been carried out;.. if and when the manuscript is accepted for peer-reviewed publication, it may be re-used under the terms of the.. Creative Commons Attribution 3.. 0.. License but not submitted for peer-reviewed publication elsewhere;.. the authors have secured the right to reproduce any material in his/her/their work that has already been published elsewhere;.. the authors agree with the.. License and Copyright Agreement.. ;.. valid on the date of manuscript submission (receipt of electronic files);.. the authors agree and have obeyed the.. General Obligations for Authors.. the authors are aware that discussion papers remain permanently archived, accessible and citeable;.. with regard to the evaluation of manuscripts, the editors and the referees will follow their guidelines as summarized in the.. General Obligations for Editors.. and the.. General Obligations for Referees.. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc.. , in  ...   concise, and written in English.. They must conform to the organization and.. style of the journal.. with correct spelling and good sentence structure.. Correct language is the responsibility of the author(s), although the editor(s) and the referees are kindly asked to help in language editing of the manuscript if necessary.. However, the final version of the manuscript accepted for peer-reviewed journal publication will receive complimentary English language copy-editing.. Authors are kindly requested to consider the manuscript.. evaluation criteria.. of the journal to meet the quality standards and to reduce the peer-review processing time.. Before submission manuscripts need to be.. registered.. This process requires author details and also a set of.. keywords.. , describing the manuscript.. In return the author(s) receive a manuscript number and information on how to upload the files containing the text, figures and additional material.. Manuscripts (i.. work prior to the review process) must be submitted in digital format by using the appropriate upload forms.. Supplementary material, such as data sets, animated visualisation, etc.. , should be submitted together with the manuscript for peer-reviewed publication.. Authors are obliged to suggest 2-5 potential referees.. Ideally, suggested reviewers should be scientists who are not closely associated (i.. at different institutes and who have not collaborated significantly in the past research) with any of the authors.. Should this not be the case, please indicate this.. In any case, all suggested reviewers should be able to offer fair and impartial reviews of the material being submitted..

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  • Title: OS - Review Process & Interactive Public Discussion
    Descriptive info: Review Process & Interactive Public Discussion.. Editor Assignment.. MS Evaluation Criteria.. MS Evaluation Status.. Obligations for Editors.. Obligations for Referees.. Review Process.. The process of peer-review and publication in the interactive scientific journal Ocean Science (OS) differs from traditional scientific journals.. It is a two-stage process involving the scientific discussion forum Ocean Science Discussions (OSD), and it has been designed to use the full potential of the internet to foster scientific discussion and enable rapid publication of scientific papers.. Initial access review by competent editors assures the basic scientific and technical quality for papers published in OSD.. Subsequent interactive discussion and public commenting by the referees, authors and other members of the scientific community is expected to enhance quality control for papers published in OS beyond the limits of the traditional closed peer-review.. Also in cases where no additional comments from the scientific community are received, a full peer-review process in the traditional sense, but in a more transparent way, is assured before publication of a paper in OS.. The individual steps of the OS process of peer-review, publication and interactive discussion are described below, and complementary illustrations are given in the following.. Flow Chart.. Submission of Original Manuscript and Editor Assignment.. An original manuscript is submitted electronically and assigned to a Topic Editor covering the relevant subject areas (for details see.. ).. Access Review.. The Topic Editor is asked to evaluate whether the manuscript is within the scope of the journal and whether it meets a basic scientific quality.. If necessary, he may ask independent referees of his choice for support.. The Topic Editor can suggest technical corrections (typing errors, clarification of figures, etc.. ) before publication in OSD.. Further requests for revision of the scientific contents are not allowed at this stage of the review process but shall be expressed in the interactive discussion following publication in OSD.. Technical Corrections.. The authors have the opportunity to perform technical corrections, which may be reviewed by the Topic Editor to verify requested corrections and prevent further revisions, which are not permitted at this stage.. Publication of Discussion Paper in OSD.. After final acceptance the manuscript is typeset by the Copernicus Publications Production Office, proofread by the authors, and published as a discussion paper on the OSD Website.. Public accessibility, archiving and citability are guaranteed from this moment on (usually about 2-8 weeks after submission).. Open Discussion (8 weeks).. Upon internet publication the paper is opened for public review and discussion, during which interactive comments can be published by designated referees (anonymous or named) and all interested members of the scientific community (named).. Normally, every discussion paper shall receive at least two Referee Comments; for more information see.. Interactive Public Discussion.. Final Response.. After the open discussion the authors are expected to publish a response to all comments (within 4 weeks, extendable upon request).. The editor can also publish additional comments or recommendations.. Normally, however, formal editorial recommendations and decisions shall be made only after the authors have had an opportunity to respond to all comments, or if they request editorial advice before responding.. Submission of Revised Manuscript.. Submission of a revised manuscript is expected only if the authors have satisfactorily addressed all comments, and if the revised manuscript meets the high  ...   OS if sufficiently substantial.. If a manuscript that has been published as a discussion paper in OSD is not accepted for publication as a final paper in OS, the authors have several options to proceed as outlined under Frequently Asked Questions,.. Point 7.. In the Interactive Public Discussion following the publication of a paper in Ocean Science Discussions (OSD), the following types of interactive comments can be submitted for immediate non-peer-reviewed publication alongside the discussion paper:.. Short Comments (SC).. can be posted by any registered member of the scientific community (free online registration).. Such comments are attributed, i.. published under the name of the commentator.. Referee Comments (RC).. can only be posted by the referees involved in the peer-review of the discussion paper.. They can be anonymous or attributed (according to the referee's preference).. Editor Comments (EC).. can only be posted by the editor of the discussion paper.. Author Comments (AC).. can only be posted by the contact author of the discussion paper on behalf of all co-authors.. All interactive comments are fully.. citable, paginated, and archived.. as a supplement to OSD.. Figures and Supplements.. Comments can be composed by using either plain text or LaTeX formatting.. Complex content without LaTeX commands can be uploaded as a *.. pdf file and will be displayed as a supplement to the comment.. In any case, figures can directly be included in the comment.. The Interactive Public Discussion comprises two Phases.. Phase 1: Open Discussion (8 weeks).. The referees are asked to publish one or more Referee Comments and every registered member of the scientific community may publish Short Comments as defined above.. The authors of the discussion paper have the option (but no obligation) to reply by publishing their own Short Comments individually, or by posting Author Comments collectively on behalf of all co-authors.. The authors of a discussion paper are automatically informed by e-mail about the publication of comments in the Interactive Public Discussion of their paper.. Publication alert services will also be available to other members of the scientific community.. The publication of interactive comments is supervised by the editors, who have the option of censoring comments that are not of a substantial nature and of direct relevance to the issues raised in the discussion paper or which contain personal insults.. Authors are advised to follow the discussion of their paper and to notify the editor in case of abusive commenting.. The OS editorial board reserves the right to exclude abusive commentators.. To participate in the interactive discussion of a paper recently published in OSD, please locate this paper on the OSD Website and follow the appropriate links there.. Phase 2: Final Response.. After the open discussion no more Short Comments and Referee Comments are accepted, but the contact author and the editor of the discussion paper have the opportunity to publish final Author Comments and Editor Comments, respectively.. The final response phase is generally limited to 4 weeks (expandable to 8 weeks) and automatically terminated upon submission of a revised manuscript.. Before submitting a revised version of their manuscript for publication in OS (second stage of publication), the authors are supposed to have answered the Referee Comments and relevant Short Comments cumulatively or individually in one or more Author Comments..

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  • Title: OS - Production
    Descriptive info: Once the reviewed and accepted article is received by the Publication Production Office, the new text and figure files are inspected in view of the.. and, where necessary, the author is requested to re-submit files in accordance to specification.. The text is composed and edited in accordance to the overall lay-out of the journal in pdfLaTeX (see.. LaTeX Macro.. The figure files are manipulated to match a certain size and a certain content of pixels for an easy access on the web and they are then transformed into PDF.. The LaTeX text and the PDF figures are now combined and the entire article formatted, and all links are activated for electronic publication.. Then the entire article is transformed into PDF.. Where necessary, the article  ...   as soon as possible.. The corrections are then incorporated into the text.. The article is now paged, transformed into PDF, while XML reference files and the HTML abstract file are generated.. These files are now uploaded onto the web straight away (immediate publication).. The full citation (reference), the associated URLs to the online version as well as the abstract are transferred to several major scientific databases and search engines immediately and long-term e-archived with Portico and CLOCKSS.. Whenever a series has been completed, the next issue of the publication is compiled.. Then the entire issue is transformed into one PDF file, printed and distributed to the subscribers.. The printed copies of each issue are long-term archived with several copyright libraries in Germany, UK and USA..

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  • Title: OS - Subscription
    Descriptive info: Subscription Information.. Publication frequency:.. 6 issues for OS Volume 9, 2013.. List Price 2013.. Online:.. Free access.. Print:.. 651.. 33.. Single issue (print only):.. 119.. 41.. Member Rates 2013.. 317.. 10.. 58.. 14.. Terms and Conditions.. All subscription prices are excl.. VAT.. Air Mail and handling costs are included in both, the member prices and the list prices.. The subscription agency discount on the list prices is 10%.. Member prices are valid for  ...   on a calendar year basis and expire with the last issue of the last volume listed.. Claims for missing issues will not be honoured because of insufficient notice of address change, loss in mail unless claimed within 90 days for Europe and 150 days for other countries from the last day of the month of publication.. Claims will only be considered, if they refer to the present or the previous volume.. Please contact subscription@copernicus..

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  • Title: OS - Comment on a Paper
    Descriptive info: To comment on a paper published in the interactive scientific journal Ocean Science (OS) or in its discussion forum Ocean Science Discussions (OSD), please choose one of the following two options:.. Option 1.. If you would like to submit an interactive comment (Short Comment, Referee Comment, Editor Comment, or Author Comment) for immediate non-peer-reviewed publication in the interactive discussion of a paper recently published in OSD, please locate this paper on the OSD.. Papers in Open Discussion.. webpage and follow the appropriate links there.. Short Comments can be submitted by every registered member of the scientific community (free registration is accessible via the login link).. They are restricted to a maximum length of 10 pages and have to be submitted within 8 weeks after publication of the discussion paper in OSD.. For details see.. Option 2.. If you would like to contribute a peer-reviewed comment or reply, which continues the discussion of a scientific paper beyond the limits of immediate interactive discussion in OSD, please be aware of the.. Such comments and replies undergo the same process of peer-review, publication and interactive discussion as full articles and technical notes.. They are equivalent to the peer-reviewed comments and replies in traditional scientific journals and may achieve publication in OS if sufficiently substantial.. LaTeX in Interactive Comments.. Activate LaTeX.. If you want to use LaTeX commands in your comment you need to Activate LaTeX Commands by clicking on the appropriate button just above the text input window.. Template.. The following template is a simple ASCII text file with a typical layout for interactive comments and some frequently used LaTeX commands.. It can be viewed, edited, copied and pasted into the text field of the comment submission form using any standard text editor:.. comment_example.. txt.. Line and paragraph breaks.. LaTeX ignores extra spacing  ...   dollar sign.. Typing H$_{2}$SO$_{4}$ will produce H.. 2.. SO.. 4.. and typing T$_{ice}$ will produce T.. ice.. Creating a superscripts follows the same procedure with the difference that you need to put a caret sign instead of the underscore.. Typing cm$^{-3}$ will produce cm.. -3.. and typing T$^{ice}$ will produce T.. Special characters.. Some characters have a special function in LaTeX; if you want to use them as a normal character you need to put a backslash in front of them.. \% \$ \ \# \_ \{ \}.. In particular that the percent sign is used to introduce commented text in LaTeX, so ALWAYS put the backslash in front of it or some of your text will disappear!.. Greek symbols.. Greek symbols can be used by putting the special commands listed below between two dollar signs:.. \alpha \beta \gamma \delta \epsilon \nu \kappa \lambda \mu \pi \omega \sigma etc.. Typing $\mu$m will produce m.. Similarly, upper-case Greek letters are produced:.. \Gamma \Delta \Lambda \Sigma \Omega \Theta \Phi etc.. For a more complete list of symbols please consult the two documents.. Getting started with LaTeX.. Not so Short Introduction to LaTeX2e.. Mathematical symbols.. Some frequently used mathematical symbols are produced in the same way as Greek symbols:.. Typing $ $ will produce.. Typing $=$ will produce =.. Typing $\times$ will produce.. Typing $\pm$ will produce.. Typing $\sim$ will produce ~.. Typing $^\circ$ will produce.. Typing $\rightarrow$ will produce an arrow pointing to the right as frequently used in chemical reactions.. Equations.. Simple equations are produced by putting all numbers, symbols and signs between two dollar signs.. Typing $E = m c^{2}$ will produce E = m c.. Typing $P_{t} = P_{0} A^{kT}$ will produce P.. t.. = P.. 0.. kT.. For more detailed instructions on equations please consult the two documents..

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  • Title: OS - Service Charges
    Descriptive info: Ocean Science is committed to the Open Access model of publishing.. This ensures free web access to the results of research and maximum visibility for published papers.. However it requires the author or a supporting institution to pay the costs of the review process, typesetting, web publication and long term archiving.. These service charges are categorized according to the submitted material and levied for the publication in the discussion forum, while the publication in the journal is then free of charge.. The discussion paper style leads to three times more pages than the classic manuscript style.. Rule of thumb:.. discussion pages = characters / 1,900 + # tables + # figures.. The following service charges are valid for any manuscripts submitted.. from 1 January 2012.. Price per.. Discussion Page.. Description.. Category 1.. 24 net.. LaTeX submissions using the.. Copernicus Publications LaTeX  ...   style and/or difficulties with tables/figures.. Copy-Editing for English.. (.. Details.. ): Free for Final Revised Papers, 3 net / page for Discussion Papers.. A manuscript contains 10 pages with 57,000 characters, 2 figures, and 1 table.. The discussion paper will have 30 pages text + 1 page table + 2 pages figures.. For Category 1, this will result in 33 pages x 24 = 792 net + 19% German VAT.. What is included in the Service Charges?.. All online tools for authors and reviewers;.. Professional processing of figures and movies;.. Typesetting, editing and formatting in PDFLaTeX;.. English language copy-editing for Final Revised Papers;.. Immediate Open Access publication of each article;.. Article alert service;.. Inclusion in the Copernicus Online Library;.. Indexing in international scientific databases and reference services;.. Long-term e-archiving via Portico and CLOCKSS as well as printed archiving via copyright libraries worldwide..

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  • Title: OS - Scheduled Special Issues
    Descriptive info: The EU Project SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) (ACP/BG/OS Inter-Journal SI).. Guest Editors: W.. T.. Sturges, J.. Williams, G.. Roberts, and C.. Timeline: 01 Sep 2012 31 Dec 2013.. More Information.. Background.. The EU project SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) was initiated by a larger international consortium, in order to study the contribution of mostly naturally emitted halogenated very short-lived substances (VSLS) to the stratospheric inventory of ozone destroying halogens.. Today the SHIVA consortium comprises about 120 full or associated partners coming from 19 institutions in 9 countries.. SHIVA s scientific objectives infer from past research that mostly brominated and less likely iodinated VSLS, predominately emitted from biologically active surface waters of the global oceans, are eventually significantly contributing to the halogen load of the global stratosphere.. Moreover, theoretical studies revealed that only the combination of sufficiently strong VSLS sources together with efficient vertical atmospheric transport would support a relevant contribution of VSLS to the stratospheric halogen burden.. Both conditions are likely to be met in the western Pacific during the wet season (November to March).. Since details of the relevant processes and their relevance for stratospheric ozone are yet largely unexplored, four major objectives of EU-SHIVA were identified, namely investigations of:.. The oceanic emission strengths of a suite of halogenated VSLS.. The atmospheric transport and transformation of the halogenated VSLS.. The past, present and likely future trend of the total stratospheric halogen burden.. The impact of long and short-lived halogenated trace gases and their inorganic product gases for past, present and future ozone within the upper troposphere, TTL and global stratosphere.. Synopsis.. The special ACP-BG-OS SI is intended to cover the research performed within the EU project SHIVA and related undertakings.. Contributing manuscripts may cover investigations of halogenated VSLS emissions from marine micro- and macro algae, to their atmospheric transport and transformation as well as impacts of VSLS for global ozone studied in the laboratory, field and by theoretical models.. Physical, chemical and biological oceanography of the Mediterranean Sea.. Guest Editors: S.. Sparnocchia, N.. Kress, T.. Tanhua, and M.. Timeline: 23 Jan 2012 30 Jun 2013.. The Mediterranean Sea is a semi-enclosed ocean basin composed of several sub-basins separated by straits and channels with depths ranging from a few hundred meters to more than 4000 m.. The Mediterranean has an active deep overturning circulation that is sensitive to atmospheric forcing, atmospheric signals and changes in water mass properties can be transported to deep waters on a short time-scale.. The Mediterranean Sea has an interesting oceanography with regard to physical, biological and chemical parameters and processes.. During April of 2011, a 3 week long cruise on the German research vessel Meteor (cruise M84/3) conducted a multidisciplinary investigation covering the whole Mediterranean Sea and all of its sub-basins.. The cruise was set-up to follow the demands and requirements of repeat hydrography as specified by the GO-SHIP group with the goal to follow the cruise track of previous Meteor cruise through the eastern Mediterranean and a track through the western Mediterranean that has been sampled regularly.. Almost simultaneously to the Meteor cruise, two other cruises were conducted in the Mediterranean Sea, on the German R/V Poseidon and on the Italian R/V Urania.. These three cruises were conducted in a coordinated way with the main goals to:.. Acquire data for a (nearly) synoptic picture of distribution of chemical, physical and biological properties across the whole Mediterranean Sea, including all major sub-basins.. Use these physical and chemical data to determine changes in circulation and ventilation and to quantify changes in inventory and distribution of properties, particularly inorganic carbon, i.. uptake of anthropogenic carbon.. Fill in existing gaps in the knowledge of  ...   G.. de Leeuw, E.. Swietlicki, and A.. Hansel.. Timeline: 08 Jun 2010 30 Jun 2013.. Clouds constitute one of the major uncertainties in understanding the climate system and changes in the clouds as a consequence of global climate change is not well constrained by observations.. This is particularly true in the Arctic, where clouds constitute the larges single factor affecting the surface energy balance, and therefore on melting and freezing of sea ice.. ASCOS is a highly interdisciplinary project with a major field experiment in the central Arctic Ocean during August/September 2008, approximately at 87N and 7W, deployed on the Swedish icebreaker Oden as a part of the International Polar Year (IPY).. The ASCOS main target is to study the formation and life cycle of Arctic summer low-level clouds.. To achieve this we deployed instruments for process level observations in a column from 0.. 5 km in to the ocean, through the ocean/ice surface up through the atmospheric boundary layer, and to the top of the troposphere (also see.. ascos.. se.. ASCOS measurements range from in-situ observations, to surface-based remote sensing, to airborne observations.. The most intense observations were during a 3-week ice drift, starting with typical Arctic summer melt conditions and ending with the initial freeze-up of autumn.. ASCOS was also coordinated with the Arctic Mechanisms of Interaction between the Surface and Atmosphere (AMISA) project, providing airborne measurements from the NASA DC8 research aircraft in the vicinity of the ASCOS column, flying in from Kiruna, Sweden.. The science team on Oden consisted of 33 researchers from 14 institutes in 11 different countries; many more are involved in analysis and associated modelling studies.. This, and the experimental set-up, makes ASCOS the most extensive atmosphere-oriented experiment in the central Arctic for the entire IPY.. ASCOS science cuts across several disciplines, with links to microbial life in ocean and ice, atmospheric chemistry and physics, cloud microphysics, turbulent exchange at the surfaces above and below the ice, and atmospheric circulation.. A large part of ASCOS (atmospheric gas and particulate chemistry, aerosol physics, boundary-layer and synoptic meteorology) fall within the remit of ACP while physical oceanography and marine biology/chemistry fall within the remit of OS which is the incentive for a joint ACP/OS issue; only this way will it become possible to develop a special issue spanning the whole width of the science in ASCOS.. VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study (VOCALS) (ACP/OS Inter-Journal SI).. Guest Editors: C.. R.. Mechoso, B.. Albrecht, H.. Coe, C.. Fairall, G.. Feingold, R.. Garreaud, A.. Hall, R.. Weller, R.. Wood, C.. Twohy, and M.. Alonso Balmaseda.. Timeline: 19 Nov 2009 31 Oct 2013.. The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study (VOCALS) is an international CLIVAR/VAMOS program designed to develop and promote scientific activities leading to improved understanding, model simulations, and predictions of the southeastern Pacific (SEP) coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system, on diurnal to interannual timescales.. The major components of VOCALS are a modeling program with a model hierarchy ranging from the local to global scales, a major international field program (The VOCALS Regional Experiment, VOCALS-REx), and a suite of extended observations from regular research cruises, instrumented moorings, and satellites.. The combination of intensive field measurements, long-term observations, and modeling will provide important insights that will directly benefit climate modeling.. Some 200 scientists from 40 institutions in 8 nations are currently participating in VOCALS.. Details of the three main components of VOCALS are given below.. The SEP climate is a tightly coupled system involving poorly understood interactions between clouds, aerosols, marine boundary layer (MBL) processes, upper ocean dynamics and thermodynamics, coastal currents and upwelling, large-scale subsidence, and regional diurnal circulations, to the west of the Andes mountain range.. Further information on VOCALS can be found on the program website.. eol.. ucar.. edu/projects/vocals..

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    Archived pages: 31