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  • Title: Nanoarchitecture.net
    Descriptive info: .. Home.. Archive.. Resources.. Contact.. Search the site:.. Nanoarchitecture.. net.. Building on the very small.. We welcome your comments.. Please contact us if you would like to submit links, news, or original content.. We also welcome informative press releases, but we do not advertise so please do not contact us about advertising your product or service on this website.. Click here.. to get in touch.. Publications.. Here is a short list of publications that we have found useful for advancing our understanding of nanotechnology and its emerging influence on design.. for a complete list of other publications and web resources.. Smarticles: Nanotechnology Materializes.. by Peter Yeadon, published in ArchitectureBoston v.. 11 n.. 4 (.. PDF.. ).. Nature s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements.. by John Emsley.. Nanofuture: What s Next for Nanotechnology.. by J.. Storrs Hall.. How to Clone the Perfect Blonde: Using Science to Make Your Wildest Dreams Come True.. by Sue Nelson and Richard Hollingham.. Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation.. by K.. Eric Drexler.. Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology.. by Eric Drexler.. Understanding Nanotechnology.. by the editors of Scientific American.. Nanotechnology: A Gentle Introduction to the Next Big Idea.. by Mark Ratner and David Ratner.. Nanotechnology: Molecular Speculations on Global Abundance.. edited by B.. C.. Crandall.. Hacking Matter: Levitating Chairs, Quantum Mirages, and the Infinite Weirdness of Programmable Atoms.. by Wil McCarthy.. Year 2050: Cities in the Age of Nanotechnology.. by Peter Yeadon.. Small is Big: The Dawn of a New Epoch.. by Peter Yeadon, published in Archfarm No.. 9 (.. English.. or.. Español.. Architecture and the Sciences.. edited by Antoine Picon and Alessandra Ponte.. Stories of the Invisible: A Guided Tour of Molecules.. by Philip Ball.. Nano.. is a monthly magazine by the Institute of Nanotechnology, UK, that is available.. online.. Their.. Issue No.. 19.. covers nanotechnology in architecture, with a focus on sustainability.. GENNESYS.. is an extensive report that compiles an overall picture of the present and future developments in nanomaterials.. It is free to download.. What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does it Matter? From Science to Ethics.. by Dr.. Fritz Allhoff, Dr.. Patrick Lin, and Dr.. Daniel Moore.. TOC.. Nanotechnology: Engines On.. by Josep Saldaña Cavallé and Víctor Puntes.. This eBook examines how nanotechnology is contributing to solutions to vital challenges.. The book has been published by NanoWiki, and is.. available.. for free.. Material Design: Informing Architecture by Materiality (.. English Edition.. ) (.. German Edition.. by Thomas Schroepfer et al.. Written by renowned experts in this field, the book opens the way to an innovative use of materials in the design professions.. The chapter on nanomaterials is written by Peter Yeadon, a leading authority on the topic of nanotechnology in architecture and design.. Definition of a Nanomaterial.. (.. ) by the EU.. The European Commission s adopted definition of a nanomaterial is presented in this 2011 document: a nanomaterial is one in which half or more of the particles in a sample have one dimension that measures between 1 and 100 nanometers.. Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Strategy.. ) is a 2011 document that was produced by the US National Nanotechnology Initiative.. About Us.. Nanotechnology in Architecture.. net focuses on informing architects and designers about nanotechnology.. The site posts reports on emerging developments in nanotechnology that might revolutionize design, and features works that are enabled by nanotechnology.. We are located in New York City.. Links.. You can follow most of our posts on.. Twitter.. , where we tweet headlines for major articles seen here.. Additionally, there are a great many links related to nanotechnology in architecture and design.. for a complete list of other web resources.. Introduction to Nanoscience.. | Narrated by Alan Alda, this 2008 video introduction to nanoscience gives us a brief overview of the field and illuminates some of the interesting questions being researched.. nano.. gov.. | The National Nanotechnology Initiative (.. NNI.. ) is a federal R D program in the.. USA.. that has been established to coordinate multi-agency efforts in nanoscale science, engineering, and technology.. nanobuildings.. | Is a welcome resource for architects.. It provides technical information about advanced technology facilities for nanotech research and development, and includes relevant information about the design and construction of such projects.. Yeadon Architecture.. | Peter Yeadon is a pioneer in researching the architectural implications of smart materials and nanotechnology, a topic that he has pursued for well over a decade now.. Decker Yeadon.. | Martina Decker and Peter Yeadon are among the very few architects that work directly with nanomaterials.. Their New York City firm envisions new applications for nanotech that span from industrial design to architecture and urbanism.. They were the first architects to synthesize carbon nanotube buckypapers in their lab.. nanohouse.. | The University of Technology Sydney.. house of the future number 6.. will present nanotechnology research from around the world.. Its architecture will showcase both commercially-available products, and prototypes of recent research into materials science.. IOP.. | What is Nanotechnology? by the Institute of Physics.. Nanowerk.. | Ten things you should know about nanotech.. nanotech-now.. | One of the best nanotechnology glossaries available online.. nanoword.. | A nanotechnology encyclopedia focusing on educating the general public.. nanodic.. | A dictionary of nanotechnology terms, which includes references and resources.. Periodic Table.. | Periodic Table of the Elements provided by Los Alamos National Laboratory.. Institute for Molecular Manufacturing.. | The Institute for Molecular Manufacturing conducts and supports research on molecular manufacturing.. Foresight Nanotechnology Institute.. | The Foresight Nanotechnology Institute is the leading think tank on nanotechnology.. nanoethics.. | The Nanoethics Group is a non-partisan and independent organization that studies the ethical and societal implications of nanotechnology.. nanotechproject.. | While not comprehensive, this inventory gives the public the best available look at the hundreds of nanotechnology-based consumer products currently on the market.. understanding nano.. | The Understanding Nanotechnology website is dedicated to providing clear and concise explanations of nanotech applications in areas such as energy, medicine, and consumer goods.. nanotech.. law.. asu.. edu.. | The Nanotech Regulatory Document Archive is a free, searchable database of governmental documents from around the world relating to nanotechnology regulation.. nanobliss.. | Nanobliss is a gallery of visualizations of carbon nanotubes and silicon structures, created by John Hart and collaborators.. The dimensions of these structures range from nanometers to millimeters.. Khan Academy.. | Are you having trouble understanding some of the chemical and physical properties of nano? The Khan Academy is a not-for-profit organization with the mission of providing a high quality education to anyone, anywhere.. They have 1000+ videos covering everything from basic arithmetic and algebra to differential equations, physics, chemistry, and biology.. Federal Institute For Risk Assessment.. | The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment in Germany provides a qualitative study and standardized questionnaire, titled.. Public Perceptions about Nanotechnology.. , which is free to download as a.. Nano Archive.. | The Nano Archive is an online open-access repository for nanoscience and nanotechnology.. Researchers can submit papers to be published free online for users across the globe.. Scitable.. | Nature Education is devoted to publishing high quality educational resources.. It is part of Nature Publishing Group, publishers of Nature, Scientific American, and many other journals.. They have created a nanotechnology spotlight on Scitable, the science library and personal learning tool.. The spotlight covers basic explanation of nanotechnology, applied uses of nanotechnology, and issues of safety and ethics.. ASTM.. International Committee on Nanotechnology.. | This.. international standards committee also includes a subcommittee that focuses on Nano-Enabled Consumer Products.. The scope of subcommittee E56.. 06 is to develop scientifically credible standards for identification, evaluation and assessment of engineered nanomaterials in consumer products.. Geckoman!.. | An online video game about nanoscale forces, developed by Northeastern University researchers at the Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing, which seeks to educate middle-school students about nanoscience and technology.. Materials Today.. | Hear thought-provoking podcasts from.. authors, explaining the reasoning behind their research, results and future visions.. Nano Me.. | The nanoproducts section provides an overview of the main areas where nanotechnology is being used in products that may be available in the UK now, or in the near future.. The Scale of the Universe.. | Cary and Michael Huang enable you to zoom from the edge of the universe to the quantum foam of space-time, and learn the scale of things along the way.. The Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization.. |.. SNO.. is a non-profit, worldwide professional society comprised of individuals and institutions.. Its purpose is to provide a professional society forum to advance knowledge in all aspects of sustainable nanotechnology, including both applications and implications.. NanoFinder.. | NanoFinder is meant to be an interactive tool that helps identify key nanotech products and services in various sectors.. The Materials Project.. | The Materials Project is unique in its ambition to computationally determine the properties of all known inorganic compounds, deliver the data to the materials community, and to enable improved materials and design.. The project uses novel data-mining algorithms to predict surface, defect, electronic and finite temperature properties of tens of thousands of inorganic compounds.. The Materials Project: A New Type Of Materials Database.. 10 July 2013, 14:57.. Categories: techniques tools.. The Materials Genome Initiative (.. MGI.. ) is a public-private partnership that aims to dramatically reduce the time it takes to develop novel materials that can fuel advanced manufacturing and bolster the 21st century American economy.. One of the.. Centers is working on an open-access database for materials research, called The Materials Project, which is co-founded by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (.. MIT.. The Materials Project is unique in its ambition to computationally determine the properties of all known inorganic compounds, deliver the data to the materials community, and to enable improved materials and design.. The Materials Project currently features over 30,000 materials in its data base and now has over 4,000 users from industry, government and academia.. What used to require days or weeks of scouring journal articles or performing custom calculations can now be achieved at the click of a mouse.. Read More.. Posted by: The Editors.. Archived (Restricted Access).. Seeing Chemical Reactions.. 9 July 2013, 13:58.. Categories: nanoscopy--microscopy.. What happens as a molecule goes through a chemical reaction? Model studies have provided important insights into these processes, but it remains extremely difficult to follow all the atomic rearrangements of a chemical reaction experimentally.. In many cases, a reaction cannot be observed directly in real space, for example, because the reactants are in the gas state, zooming around at the speed of sound.. Now, researchers from Spain, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and UC Berkeley, report that they have achieved atomic-level imaging of a complex molecule as it undergoes a chemical reaction on a metal surface.. The authors investigated the molecule phenylene-1,2-ethynylene (C26H14) adsorbed on a silver surface.. Upon heating above 90°C, the molecule split into several different chemical products.. The authors captured images of these products with scanning tunneling microscopy and identified them with the help of non-contact atomic force microscopy.. Paper.. Window Blocks Sound But Not Air Flow.. 8 July 2013, 10:33.. Categories: filtration.. Soundproofing generally works on the principle of transferring sound from the air into another medium which absorbs and attenuates it.. So the notion of creating a barrier that absorbs sound while allowing the free of passage of air seems, at first thought, entirely impossible.. But that’s exactly what researchers at Mokpo National Maritime University in South Korea and the Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, have achieved.. The team created a material with a negative bulk modulus for a certain range of sound frequencies, and used it to separate sound from air and then to attenuate it.. This has allowed them to build a surface that allows air to flow through, but not sound.. The applications are many.. Changing the size of the holes makes the windows tunable so they screen out only certain frequencies, the new designs have some interesting applications.. “For example, if we are in a combined area of sounds from sea waves of low frequency and noises from machine operating at a high frequency, we can hear only the sounds from sea waves with fresh air,” say Sang-Hoon Kima and Seong-Hyun Lee.. Paper Sensor Detects Ammonia Gas.. 8 July 2013, 10:13.. Categories: nanocomposites sensors.. Since monitoring needs for environmental, security, and medical purposes are growing fast, the demand for sensors that are low cost, low power-consuming, high sensitivity, and selective detection is increasing as well.. Hence, paper-based sensors show great promise, as paper can serve as a substrate for various sensing materials.. Researchers at Renmin University of China have now developed low-cost gas sensors by trapping single-walled carbon nanotubes (.. SWCNT.. s) in paper and demonstrated their effectiveness by testing it on ammonia.. We developed a suction filtration method – which is commonly used in chemistry labs – to successfully deposit.. s on paper, says Yapei Wang.. Deposition of.. s is just a start, and we will try other semiconductor materials as well.. As the air pollution in our local city is becoming more serious, we are encouraged even more to exploit cheap sensors that can be extensively used like for instance pH and glucose test papers.. The team then fabricated sensors with the.. -impregnated paper by cutting it into small pieces and depositing gold electrodes on it.. Detection sensitivity routinely relies on how fast the gas comes into contact with the.. s and how much the.. responds to the adsorbed gas molecules, explains Wang.. A larger sensing area can allow more gas molecules to contact the.. s.. Our tests indicated that thinner arrays afforded a stronger response to ammonia gas at a concentration of 20 ppm than did the thicker arrays.. Nanobots Today.. 4 July 2013, 13:58.. Categories: molecular-machines--devices.. Nanobots have been a fixture of science fiction writing and illustration for years, and such ideas are now also appearing in scientific research.. But practical nanobots are different from their science fiction counterparts and, while scientists were originally comfortable  ...   sculptures, curved and delicate, don t resemble the cubic or jagged forms normally associated with crystals, though that s what they are.. Rather, fields of carnations and marigolds seem to bloom from the surface of a submerged glass slide, assembling themselves a molecule at a time.. By simply manipulating chemical gradients in a beaker of fluid, Wim L.. Noorduin has found that he can control the growth behavior of these crystals to create precisely tailored structures.. For at least 200 years, people have been intrigued by how complex shapes could have evolved in nature.. This work helps to demonstrate what’s possible just through environmental, chemical changes, says Noorduin.. Nanocellulose Research And Applications.. 18 June 2013, 16:56.. Categories: nanofibers bionanotech--nanobiotech.. During the past few decades, nanotechnology has had tremendous advances in several areas of research and development.. Every week we are witnesses to hundreds of articles and scientific publications, including reports on new pathways for nanoparticle/nanofiber production, modification and use in modern and high-tech applications.. The pulp and paper industry has not been absent of nano tech developments, and has motivated massive research into the promise of nanocellulose.. This wonderful material, which is synthesized naturally in wood, is composed of nanofibrils with widths usually less than 20 nm, high aspect ratio and remarkable strength.. Norway s.. Paper and Fibre Research Institute.. has made substantial contributions to this area.. They were among the first to propose and prove the benefits of using nanocellulose, including improved strength.. They ve also worked on controlled surface hydrophobicity, and nanopapers with extremely high barrier properties, comparable and superior to conventional oil-based plastics.. Due to the intrinsic strength of cellulose nanofibrils and their ability to self-assemble, dense and strong nanobarriers and nanocomposites can be manufactured.. A Temporal Cloak For Telecommunications Can Hide Data Messages.. 18 June 2013, 15:45.. Categories: metamaterials.. Through advances in engineered metamaterials with exotic properties, including negative refractive index, the once fanciful invisibility cloak has now assumed a prominent place in scientific research.. By extending these concepts to the temporal domain, Cornell University investigators recently.. reported.. a cloak which hides events in time by creating a temporal gap in a probe beam that is subsequently closed up; any interaction which takes place during this hole in time is not detected.. However, these results are limited to isolated events that fill a tiny portion of the temporal period, giving a fractional cloaking window of only about 10.. −4.. percent at a repetition rate of 41 kilohertz, which is much too low for applications such as optical communications.. Now, Purdue University researchers report on another technique for temporal cloaking, which operates at telecommunication data rates and hides optical data from a receiver.. They have succeed in cloaking 46 percent of the entire time axis, and conceal pseudorandom digital data at a rate of 12.. 7 gigabits per second.. This potential to cloak real-world messages introduces temporal cloaking into the sphere of practical application, with immediate ramifications in secure communications.. Graphene Enables Nanotubes To Be Grown On Anything.. 18 June 2013, 15:22.. Categories: nanotubes-wires-fullerenes.. Researchers at Honda, Rice University, University of Central Florida, and Columbia University have found that graphene can act as a go-between that allows vertically aligned carbon nanotubes to grow on nearly anything.. The heart of the research is the revelation that when graphene is used as a middleman, surfaces considered unusable as substrates for carbon nanotube growth now have the potential to do so.. Diamond happens to be a good example.. Diamond conducts heat very well, five times better than copper.. But its available surface area is very low.. By its very nature, one-atom-thick graphene is all surface area.. The same could be said of carbon nanotubes, which are basically rolled-up tubes of graphene.. A vertically aligned forest of carbon nanotubes grown on diamond would disperse heat like a traditional heat sink, but with millions of fins.. Such an ultrathin array could save space in small microprocessor-based devices.. “Further work along these lines could produce such structures as patterned nanotube arrays on diamond that could be utilized in electronic devices,” Pulickel Ajayan said.. Graphene and metallic nanotubes are also highly conductive; in combination with metallic substrates, they may also have uses in advanced electronics, he said.. To test their ideas, the team grew various types of graphene on copper foil by standard chemical vapor deposition.. They then transferred the tiny graphene sheets to diamond, quartz and other metals for further study.. They found that only single-layer graphene worked well, and sheets with ripples or wrinkles worked best.. The defects appeared to capture and hold the airborne iron-based catalyst particles from which the nanotubes grow.. The researchers think graphene facilitates nanotube growth by keeping the catalyst particles from clumping.. New Self-Assembling Nanostructure Survives Very Hot Or Saline Environments.. 18 June 2013, 15:11.. Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry.. However, it is difficult to develop structurally robust self-assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by their surroundings.. Many natural organisms have evolved to protect themselves in hostile environments.. For example, types of archaea single-cell microorganisms living in hot springs have cyclic molecules in their cell membranes that form shields to preserve the cell under extreme heat.. Now, inspired by nature’s use of cyclic structures, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have developed a new self-assembled nanostructure that can survive very hot or saline environments.. The team has dramatically enhanced both the thermal and salt stability of self-assembling polymeric structures, simply by changing the shape of the founding polymers from linear to cyclic.. The team designed new block copolymers structures comprising several polymers connected by covalent bonding which self-assembled into shapes called micelles.. Micelles have a hydrophilic (water-attracting) outer membrane, and a hydrophobic (water-repelling) core.. “We designed a cyclic amphiphilic block copolymer by mimicking fat molecules in the cell membrane of archaea,” explains Takuya Yamamoto.. “Both linear and cyclic copolymers were then used to create identical self-assembling flower-shaped micelles.. ” The team discovered that although the chemical composition, concentration and dimensions of micelles built from the two differently shaped block copolymers remained the same, the cyclic-based micelles were able to withstand higher temperatures.. “The micelle from cyclic block copolymers withstood temperatures up to 40°C higher than the linear-based micelles,” explains Yamamoto.. The researchers found that the tail ends of the linear copolymers were more likely to break loose from the flower-shaped structure during heating, allowing for bridging between micelles to occur.. This meant that the micelles join together in an agglomerate blob at a relatively low temperature.. The micelles created by the cyclical copolymers, on the other hand, had no ‘loose ends’ to form bridges, meaning the structures remained stable up to far higher temperatures.. The same structural differences allow for a greater tolerance of salt concentrations in the cyclic-based micelles.. The loose tails in linear-based micelles allowed rapid dehydration to occur in highly saline environments, whereas the closed cyclic structures are structurally stronger, making them more resilient to salt.. “The combination of higher salting-out concentrations and thermal resistance means these micelles have numerous potential applications,” explains Yamamoto.. “Possibilities include drug delivery systems, where heating is not possible and salt provides an alternative method for controlling how a micelle responds in order to release a drug.. ”.. The team also hope that their micelles could provide the basis for many new materials in the field of green chemistry, because their structural robustness is based purely on their shape rather than on complex chemical reactions.. Better Concrete Via The Romans.. 18 June 2013, 14:59.. Categories: nanocomposites.. In a quest to make concrete more durable and sustainable, an international team of geologists and engineers has found inspiration in the ancient Romans, whose massive concrete structures have withstood the elements for more than 2,000 years.. The team examined the fine-scale structure of Roman concrete.. It described for the first time how the extraordinarily stable compound, calcium-aluminum-silicate-hydrate (C-A-S-H), binds the material used to build some of the most enduring structures in Western civilization.. The discovery could help improve the durability of modern concrete, which within 50 years often shows signs of degradation, particularly in ocean environments.. Additionally, the manufacturing of Roman concrete leaves a smaller carbon footprint than does its modern counterpart.. The process for creating Portland cement, a key ingredient in modern concrete, requires fossil fuels to burn calcium carbonate (limestone) and clays at about 1,450 degrees Celsius, resulting in seven percent of annual global carbon dioxide emissions.. The production of lime for Roman concrete, however, is much cleaner, requiring temperatures that are two-thirds of that required for making Portland cement.. “Roman concrete has remained coherent and well-consolidated for 2,000 years in aggressive maritime environments,” said Marie Jackson, lead author of both papers.. “It is one of the most durable construction materials on the planet, and that was no accident.. Shipping was the lifeline of political, economic and military stability for the Roman Empire, so constructing harbors that would last was critical.. ”.. The recipe for Roman concrete was described around 30 B.. C.. by Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, an architect for Octavian, who became Emperor Augustus.. The not-so-secret ingredient is volcanic ash, which Romans combined with lime to form mortar.. They packed this mortar and rock chunks into wooden molds immersed in seawater.. Rather than battle the marine elements, Romans harnessed saltwater and made it an integral part of the concrete.. The researchers also described a very rare hydrothermal mineral called aluminum tobermorite (Al-tobermorite) that formed in the concrete.. “Our study provided the first experimental determination of the mechanical properties of the mineral,” said Jackson.. So why did the use of Roman concrete decrease? “As the Roman Empire declined, and shipping declined, the need for the seawater concrete declined,” said Jackson.. “You could also argue that the original structures were built so well that, once they were in place, they didn’t need to be replaced.. While Roman concrete is durable, Monteiro said it is unlikely to replace modern concrete because it is not ideal for construction where faster hardening is needed.. But the researchers are now finding ways to apply their discoveries about Roman concrete to the development of more earth-friendly and durable modern concrete.. They are investigating whether volcanic ash would be a good, large-volume substitute in countries without easy access to fly ash, an industrial waste product from the burning of coal that is commonly used to produce modern, green concrete.. “There is not enough fly ash in this world to replace half of the Portland cement being used,” said Monteiro.. “Many countries don’t have fly ash, so the idea is to find alternative, local materials that will work, including the kind of volcanic ash that Romans used.. Using these alternatives could replace 40 percent of the world’s demand for Portland cement.. Scientists Analyze Cement-Polymer Bonds To Improve Concrete, Composites.. 17 June 2013, 15:47.. Rice University researchers have for the first time detailed the molecular mechanism that makes a particular combination of cement and polymer glue so tough.. The finding has implications for understanding the interface bonding that is often a roadblock to improved composite properties.. The Rice researchers said their work has the potential to help fine-tune advanced materials well beyond the cement-polymer compound they studied.. “Natural materials like bones, teeth and shells all have a hybrid of soft and stiff material inside, arranged in a brick-and-mortar pattern,” Rouzbeh Shahsavari said.. “This has inspired humans to build engineered composites by mimicking those natural designs.. Building such composites requires a clear understanding of what’s happening when materials that aren’t necessarily compatible are combined.. “This could have applications for composites in cars, airplanes and civil engineering materials,” Shahsavari said.. “Here, our focus is on inorganic silicates like cement (a key strengthening component of concrete) interacting with a polymer to provide a hybrid composite with high toughness and ductility.. Otherwise, cement by itself is a brittle material.. He said understanding bonds at the molecular level should help manufacturers design stronger, lighter composites from the bottom up.. For example, cars that use advanced compounds could be lighter and more fuel-efficient while retaining the toughness that lets them absorb energy in a crash by crumpling instead of shattering.. The same analogy is true for civil engineering composites that absorb the energy of an earthquake rather than fracture and collapse.. “Toughness by definition is the ability of the material to deform before fracture,” he said.. “The overall goal is to improve mechanical properties.. We started with concrete, which is the most-used composite material on Earth.. Billions of dollars are spent on it every year just in the United States.. Any small improvement we can make for concrete is going to significantly change the industry.. Antibacterial Nanorobot Animation.. 17 June 2013, 15:32.. Nanobotmodels offers the vision of future tetanus treatment and other toxic bacteria using medical nanorobots.. This animation shows in detail how tetanus treatment will be done.. Tetanus is caused by the tetanus bacterium.. Clostridium tetani.. Tetanus is often associated with rust, especially rusty nails, but this concept is somewhat misleading.. Objects that accumulate rust are often found outdoors, or in places that harbour anaerobic bacteria, but the rust itself does not cause tetanus nor does it contain more.. tetani.. bacteria.. The rough surface of rusty metal merely provides a prime habitat for.. endospores to reside in, and the nail affords a means to puncture skin and deliver endospores deep within the body at the site of the wound.. The tetanus-killer nanorobot uses high temperature to destroy bacteria and its spores.. Due to small size of nanorobot this thermal treatment will be quite local, and can t harm living tissues.. The surface of the nanobot will be covered by bioconjugated polymer, which have high affinity to.. tetani.. surface protein markers.. After deploying inside bacteria, nanorobot inject in cytoplasm heating cartridges, which heated by inner thermal engine.. © 2003-2013.. nanoarchitecture.. | All rights reserved | Subscribe to this site's feed:.. XML.. | Site by.. Graphic Standards.. and.. 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  • Title: Nanoarchitecture.net
    Descriptive info: Books and Journals.. A proposed metabolism for a hydrocarbon assembler.. | Ralph C.. Merkle.. Molecular manufacturing should let us synthesize most arrangements of atoms that are consistent with physical law.. Assemblers have been proposed as a means for accomplishing this objective (see, for example, Merkle, 1996a).. They would be able to build a wide range of useful products as well as copies of themselves.. A simpler though less general proposal is a hydrocarbon assembler, restricted to manufacturing relatively stiff hydrocarbons.. The design and analysis of such an assembler should be substantially simpler than that of a more general assembler.. In this paper, we consider the intermediary metabolism of a hydrocarbon assembler, i.. e.. , the set of reactions that permit processing of the feedstock molecules and their conversion into molecular tools (positionally controlled carbenes, radicals, and other reactive species).. The specific feedstock molecule analyzed is butadiyne (a linear molecule, C4H2, also known as diacetylene; not to be confused with the more common but chemically distinct non-linear molecule butadiene: C4H6).. Bionanotechnology : Lessons from Nature.. | David S.. Goodsell.. This book shows how the lessons that may be learned from biology can be applied to nanotechnology today.. The first part of the book explores the properties of nanomachines that are available in cells.. The second looks to the structure and function of natural nanomachines for guidance in building nanomachinery.. The book then concludes with chapters on applications, surveying some of the exciting bionanotechnological tools and techniques that are currently in development, and speculating on those that may prove feasible in the not-too-distant future.. Brave BioArt 2.. | Natasha Vita-More.. This article addresses an overview of BioArt, biomedia and its practitioners, developed through a series of semi-structured, qualitative interviews and openended discussions with more than fifteen experts in the field.. Bridging the Gaps: Science Fiction in Nanotechnology.. | José López.. This paper argues that narrative elements from the science fiction (SF) literary genre are used in the discourse of Nanoscience and Technology (NST) to bridge the gap between what is technically possible today and its inflated promises for the future.. The argument is illustrated through a detailed discussion of two NST texts.. The paper concludes by arguing that the use of SF narrative techniques poses serious problems to the development of a critical analysis of the ethical and social implications of NST.. Design considerations for an assembler.. Assemblers have been proposed as general purpose manufacturing devices, able to build a wide range of useful products as well as copies of themselves.. If such systems are to be built they must first be designed; and before they can be designed in detail we need to know at the system level what major subsystems are needed, what functions they perform, and how they interact with each other.. This paper attempts to fill this need and describes the subsystems and components required for a relatively simple assembler.. Designing the Molecular World.. | Philip Ball.. An excellent writer for the journal Nature showcases the excitement of chemistry by departing from the standard subdivisions of science and emphasizing integration.. Engines of Creation : The Coming Era of Nanotechnology.. | Eric Drexler.. This brilliant work heralds the new age of nanotechnology, which will give us thorough and inexpensive control of the structure of matter.. Drexler examines the enormous implications of these developments for medicine, the economy, and the environment, and makes astounding yet well-founded projections for the future.. Feynman.. | The Nobel prizewinning physicist and prolific science writer Richard Feynman was well known as a comic character.. Now he's a comic-book character.. The book Feynman by Jim Ottaviani and Leland Myrick, follows a meticulously researched thread through the great man's scientific and personal life.. | Based on the collaborative work of more than 600 experts from all over the world, the five-year GENNESYS study presents an overall picture of the present and future developments in the large spectrum of nanomaterials.. Governing Uncertainty: Environmental Regulation in the Age of Nanotechnology.. | Christopher J.. Bosso.. This book makes a significant contribution to the issues it sets out to address, namely how government confronts conditions of acute uncertainty about environmental and health risks, and how, given such uncertainty, government structures its regulatory policy.. Students and scholars of science and technology policy will find the work interesting and relevant, particularly in its treatment of the EPA and the federal scene.. –– Albert H.. Teich, Director, Science and Policy Programs, American Association for the Advancement of Science.. | Wil McCarthy.. McCarthy utilizes his expertise to take us on a tour of research labs at Universities such as MIT and Harvard and expanding the conversations with the scientists working with programmable matter, namely Quantum Dots.. He keeps the scientific explanations of this new and expanding field simple enough for the lay person and elaborates on the direction and usage of the research in the future.. Introduction to Nanotechnology.. | Charles P.. Poole Frank J.. Owens.. An overview of nanotechnology and its applications.. Kinematic Self-Replicating Machines.. | Robert A.. Freitas Ralph C.. The book contains an exhaustive history of self-replicating machines, including von Neumann's studies and information-based replicators like computer viruses, proposals for self-replicating factories and actual achievements of self-replicating devices, and a complete discussion of proposals for microscale replicators which includes a description (for context) of the many ways biology replicates.. Made to Measure: New Materials for the 21st Century.. Ball's narrative covers both the history of materials science, and the future and its possibilities.. He's particularly good at the historical story, and at drawing parallels betwene natural and artifial structures.. As in Ball's other popular works on science, Made to Measure is approachable without being trivial, and rigorous in its attention to detail without becoming numbingly pedantic.. Material Design.. | Thomas Schroepfer, et al.. The book opens the way to an innovative use of materials in the design professions.. Nine chapters deal with surfaces and layers, joints and juctions, weaving and texturing, nanoscale transformations, responsiveness, the integration of ephemeral factors like wind and light as well as material collections providing professional resources.. Written by renowned experts in this field: Thomas Schropfer is Associate Professor at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design.. James Carpenter is principal of James Carpenter Design Associates in New York.. Sheila Kennedy is principal of Kennedy Violich Architecture in Boston.. Toshiko Mori is principal of Toshiko Mori Architects in New York and teaches at the Hardvard University Graduate School of Design.. Liat Margolis is a landscape architect and teaches at the John Daniels Architecture School of the University of Toronto.. Nader Tehrani is principal of Office dA in Boston and teaches at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.. Peter Yeadon is principal of Decker Yeadon in New York and teaches at the Rhode Island School of Design.. Erwin Viray is an architect and teaches at the National University of Singapore.. Nano materials applications for conservation of cultural heritage.. | A.. M.. Waked.. Nanotechnology is considered to be the most important theoretical and applicative framework of human knowledge in the near future, breakthroughs are restricted to few applications.. One is being the conservation and restoration of cultural heritage.. For the architecture profession nanotechnology will be able to change the way we build, and will greatly impact construction materials and their properties as well.. However, materials will behave in many different ways as we are able to more precisely control their properties at nano-composites, which combine new nano-materials with more traditional ones and can be many times stronger than standard materials, and will dramatically improve the performance, durability, and strength to weight ratio of these materials.. As materials gain such transient features architectural design and construction will evolve by transforming the essential properties of matter.. This study of material is considered an emerging field, so this paper will retry to represent the most recent applications of nano materials of the conservation of cultural.. Nano Materials: in Architecture, Interior Architecture and Design.. | Sylvia Leydecker.. The book description notes that designers will be introduced to a scientific background specifically tailored to their needs, a critical discussion of the advantages and limits of the technology, and above all a comprehensive presentation of sixteen characteristics and functions of nanomaterials that are specially relevant for building and design, illustrated by numerous international project examples.. The book is principally interested in coatings that are already on the market; it does not pursue the breadth of nanotechnology, nor does it consider about the future implications of nanotechnology in architecture and design.. Nanoarchitecture: A New Species of Architecture.. | John Johansen.. Architect John Johansen properly identifies nanotechnology as the dawn of a new epoch.. However, this is a slim volume with little information on nanotechnology and its relevance to design.. Of the 159 pages, only a couple of dozen pages contain text.. One senses that the large typeface is an attempt to create more mass than substance.. Johansen’s five-paragraph preface, in which he calls fiberglass boat hulls a radical field of technology, is predominantly a summary of his own achievements.. Lippert’s introduction also focuses on Johansen’s long career and surveys his architectural projects, rather than providing a commentary on Johansen’s message that “a new species of architecture is evolving”.. Johansen’s built work evaporated after the early 1980s; what followed is a series of design speculations, mostly from the 80s and 90s, which are the ten projects that are presented in the body of the book.. The majority of the book is filled with images of crude models made from plastic bottles and figures, with a brief introduction to each project.. Although molecular nanotechnology isn’t mentioned until page 151, Johansen does a good job of identifying some key thinkers in nanotechnology.. The book is filled with quotes from some of these authorities, but you won’t find any references, footnotes, a bibliography, or resources.. Not surprisingly, all of these innovators are associated with the Foresight Institute, which seems to be Johansen’s only source for information.. This is lazy research; Johansen’s sources are limited and his understanding of nanotechnology is inadequate.. The book is opportunistic and benefits from increasing interest in nanotechnology, but it is also a dangerously uninformed book.. Still, we must list it as it's a beginning.. NanoCulture: Implications of the New Technoscience.. | Edited by N.. Katherine Hayles.. NanoCulture explores the ways in which nanotechnology interacts with, and itself becomes, a cultural construction.. Topics include the co-construction of nanoscience and science fiction; the influence of risk assessment and nanotechnology on the shapes of narratives; intersections between nanoscience as a writing practice and experimental literature at the limits of fabrication; the Alice-in-Wonderland metaphor for nanotechnology; and the effects of mediation on nanotechnology and electronic literature.. Nanoessence.. | Paul Thomas.. The Nanoessence project aims to examine life at a sub-cellular level, re-examining space and scale within the human context.. A single HaCat skin cell is analysed with an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) to explore comparisons between, life and death at a nano level.. The humanistic discourse concerning life is now being challenged by nanotechnological research that brings into question the concepts of what constitutes living.. The Nanoessence project research is based on data gathered as part of a residency at SymbioticA, Centre of Excellence in Biological Arts, University of Western Australia and the Nanochemistry Research Institute, (NRI) Curtin University of Technology.. Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.. | Examining the impact of nanotechnology on society, this book offers incisive essays on the potential risks and rewards of applications of nanotechnology.. It is written by both proponents and critics of this burgeoning technology.. Following an introduction to nanotechnology and nanoethics, the book delves into the near-, mid-, and far-term issues related to current and future applications of nantechnology.. Nanofuture: What's Next For Nanotechnology.. | J.. A leading nanotechnology researcher, Hall offers this popularization of the subject, covering the physical principles of engineering at the atomic scale, possible applications of nanomachines, and their potential alteration of human society.. Before overreacting to that last prospect, readers would benefit from learning how a nano-sized gadget is built, which Hall explains clearly with references to chemical bonds, the van der Waals force, and quantum mechanical behavior.. What to build comes next.. Nanogenerators for Self-powered Devices and Systems.. | Zhong Lin Wang's group at Georgia Tech is at the forefront of work on nanogenerators that can convert mechanical energy into electricity.. Wang, Distinguished Professor and Director, Center for Nanostructure Characterization at Georgia Tech, has now authored a book about the development of nanogenerators, based on his group's published papers.. The book is free of charge as a downloadable PDF.. Although you may freely download this book and use it for non-commercial purposes, Wang's group own the copyright of the book and preserve the right of making any revisions and changes.. The official publisher of the book is Georgia Institute of Technology.. Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design.. | Michael Ashby, Daniel Schodek, and Paulo Ferreira.. The authors discuss the presence of nanomaterials and nanostructures in nature.. The book continues with a discussion on the use of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in design.. The discussion then turns into how nanomaterials and nanotechnologies can play a role in various environments, such as structural and mechanical, thermal, electrical and magnetic, light and optical, sound and acoustic, as well as alternative energies.. The last chapters of the book concentrate on application of nanomaterials, such as self-cleaning glasses, tiles, paints and textiles, antipollutant concrete, antomicrobial furniture and clothing, self-healing materials and materials that change color and shape.. Nanoscopic Materials : Size-Dependent Phenomena.. | Edited by Emil Roduner.. The aim of this book is to present an overview of phenomena that are strongly modified at the nanometer length scale, where the properties of nanoscale structures progressively differ from the bulk.. For each chapter, as well as a series of bullet points presented as a take-home message, there is also a list of several other sources of general information.. Nanostructure Science and Technology: A Worldwide Study.. | R.. W.. Siegel, E.. Hu, and M.. Roco.. This 1999 document was prepared under the guidance of the Committee on Technology of the National Science and Technology Council, Interagency Working Group on NanoScience, Engineering, and Technology, with contributions from the Departments of Commerce, Defense, Energy and Transportation; and the National Institutes of Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the National Science Foundation of the United States government.. | K.. For years, Drexler has stirred controversy by declaring that molecular nanotechnology will bring a sweeping technological revolution — delivering tremendous advances in miniaturization, materials, computers, and manufacturing of all kinds.. Now, he’s written a detailed, top-to-bottom analysis of molecular machinery — how to design it, how to analyze it, and how to build it.. Nanosystems is the first scientifically detailed description of developments that will revolutionize most of the industrial processes and products currently in use.. This groundbreaking work draws on physics and chemistry to establish basic concepts and analytical tools.. Nanotechnology : Science, Innovation, and Opportunity.. | Lynn E.. Foster.. Suddenly, nanotechnology isn't science fiction or mere theory: It's becoming one of the world's fastest-growing, highest-impact industries.. In Nanotechnology: Science, Innovation, and Opportunity, the field's leading experts offer an up-to-the-minute briefing on where the industry stands now, how it will unfold over the coming decade, and how it will impact you.. Nanotechnology Cookbook.. Practical, Reliable and Jargon-free Experimental Procedures.. | Andrew Collins.. The peculiarities of materials at the nanoscale demand an interdisciplinary approach which can be difficult for students and researchers who are trained predominantly in a single field.. A chemist might not have experience at working with cell cultures or a physicist may have no idea how to make the gold colloid they need for calibrating an atomic force microscope.. To help address this, the book uses an interdisciplinary approach to help one quickly synthesize information from multiple perspectives.. The cookbook is intended to be a handy reference to flick through, and from which you may select a preparation.. The book, therefore, supports fundamental nanoscience experimentation via user-friendly access to knowledge.. Nanotechnology for Green Building.. | Dr.. George Elvin.. The objective of this report is to provide an overview of current, and near future, applications for nanotech in green building.. Part One maps the convergence of green building practices and nanotechnology.. Part Two reviews material technologies: insulation, coatings, adhesives, lighting, energy generation and storage, air and water purifiers, and structural/non-structural composites.. Part Three posits the benefits of nanotechnology in construction, including a small section on market forces and speculations on future trends and needs.. Nanotechnology for Water Purification.. | Edited by Tania Dey.. This book explores how different kinds of nanomaterials and nanostructures can be used for water treatment.. Each chapter carries in-depth research-based knowledge and review of state-of-art progress.. Nanotechnology is coming.. This is the English original of an article translated into German and published in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of Monday, September 11 2000 on page 55.. Nanotechnology Long-term Impacts and Research Directions: 2000 – 2020.. | This 2010 report examines the last decade’s progress in the field and uncovers the opportunities for nanotechnology development in the United States and around the world in the next decade.. It summarizes what has been achieved with the investments made since 2000, but more importantly, it describes the expected targets for nanotechnology R D in the next decade and beyond and how to achieve them in the context of societal needs and other emerging technologies.. Nanotechnology: A Crash Course.. | Raul J.. Martin-Palma Akhlesh Lakhtakia.. The past few decades have seen an explosive increase in our ability to create nanostructures and nanosystems with a great degree of control, using a diversity of techniques.. This ability has been accompanied by a similar enhancement in our ability to characterize structures and systems at the nanoscale.. This book provides a broad overview of those nanostructures and nanosystems (together termed ''Nanotechnology'').. It covers structural characteristics and properties of nanostructures, nanofabrication techniques, methods for characterizing nanostructures, and applications for nanomaterials.. The book also provides a thought-provoking assessment of the possible implications of nanotechnology in society, and likely future trends.. | Mark Ratner Daniel Ratner.. Nanotech pioneer Mark Ratner and technology entrepreneur Daniel Ratner show you how nanotech works, why it's so exciting, what's new, and what's next.. They survey the entire field-technology and business-covering nanobots, molecular electronics, quantum computing, biostructures, nanotubes, molecular motors, nanosensors, and many other breakthrough applications.. They provide easy-to-understand explanations of every key concept, plus dozens of visuals that bring nanotechnology to life.. Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies.. | Mick Wilson.. This book bridges the gap between detailed technical publications that are beyond the grasp of nonspecialists and popular science books, which may read more like science fiction than fact.. After a basic introduction to the field, the authors explore topics that include molecular nanotechnology, nanomaterials and nanopowders, nanoelectronics, optics and photonics, and nanobiometrics.. The book  ...   Engineering Center.. | The Columbia University Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) is an interdisciplinary team of university, industrial, and national laboratory scientists and engineers working together to develop and examine new types of nanocrystals and ways of assembling them into thin films.. The MRSEC, initially established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1998, was renewed by NSF in 2002 with a $7.. 2M grant covering 6 years.. Faculty from six academic departments are involved with the MRSEC, along with faculty from the City College of New York (CCNY).. The center, entitled Center for Nanostructured Materials, now focuses on the synthesis of complex metal oxide nanocrystals and ways of assembling them into useful films.. Cornell NanoScale Science Technology Facility.. | The Cornell NanoScale Science Technology Facility (CNF) is a national user facility that supports a broad range of nanoscale science and technology projects by providing state-of-the-art resources coupled with expert staff support.. 2007 marked our 30th year in operation.. Research at CNF encompasses physical sciences, engineering, and life sciences, and has a strong inter-disciplinary emphasis.. Over 700 users per year (50% of whom come from outside Cornell) use the fabrication, synthesis, computation, characterization, and integration resources of CNF to build structures, devices, and systems from atomic to complex length-scales.. DEEPEN.. | Deepening Ethical Engagement and Participation in Emerging Nanotechnologies (DEEPEN) is a three-year research project funded by the European Commission, and coordinated by Durham University, UK.. DEEPEN is examining the ethical challenges posed by emerging nanotechnologies in real world circumstances, and their implications for civil society, for governance, and for scientific practice.. Where should nanotechnology go next, and who should be involved in directing its development?.. DNA from the Beginning.. | DNA from the Beginning is organized around key concepts.. The science behind each concept is explained by: animation, image gallery, video interviews, problem, biographies, and links.. Drexler.. | Direct access to Drexler.. This site focuses on the science behind emerging technologies of broad importance, summarizing research results and offering technical perspectives on research directions.. Federation of American Scientists.. | The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) was formed in 1945 by atomic scientists from the Manhattan Project.. Foresight Institute.. | Foresight is the leading think tank and public interest institute on nanotechnology.. Founded in 1986, Foresight was the first organization to educate society about the benefits and risks of nanotechnology.. Foresight’s new mission is to ensure the beneficial implementation of nanotechnology.. GoodNanoGuide.. | The International Council on Nanotechnology (ICON) has created the GoodNanoGuide, an online, community-driven wiki for information about the safe handling of nanomaterials.. This guide, based at Rice University, is a practical tool for people who handle nanomaterials, as well as an online repository of safety protocols.. Green NanoCon.. | The Commercialising Green Nanotech in Nordic Construction (Green NanoCon) project at Norden, the Nordic Innovations Center, is intended to establish a Nordic platform for analyzing and promoting the integration of green nanotechnology into architecture and the construction industry.. IBM Nanoscience Group.. | Website of the Nanoscale science and technology group at the IBM T.. J.. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York.. | The Institute for Molecular Manufacturing (IMM) is a nonprofit foundation formed in 1991 to conduct and support research on molecular systems engineering and molecular manufacturing (molecular nanotechnology, or MNT).. Institute of Nanotechnology.. | The Institute of Nanotechnology was one of the world's first nanotechnology information providers.. Institute of Physics.. | The web site for physics and physicists.. London Centre for Nanotechnology.. | The London Centre for Nanotechnology is a UK-based multidisciplinary enterprise operating at the forefront of science and technology.. Its purpose is to solve global problems in information processing, healthcare, energy and environment through the application of nanoscience and nanotechnology.. Founded in 2003, the LCN is a joint venture between University College London and Imperial College London and based at the Bloomsbury and South Kensington sites.. Ludwig Maximilians Universität NanoPhysics Group.. | Ludwig Maximilians Universität NanoPhysics Group researches: Electronic Properties of Nanostructures; Optical and optoelectronical phenomena in nanodevices; and, Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS).. MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies.. | Founded in 2002, the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN) is a three-member team designed to leverage the unique capabilities of the US Army, industry, and MIT.. The ISN mission is to dramatically improve the survivability of the Soldier by working at and extending the frontiers of nanotechnology through fundamental research and transitioning with our Army and industry partners.. This mission includes not only decreasing the weight that soldiers carry but also improving blast and ballistic protection, creating new methods of detecting and detoxifying chemical and biological threats, and providing physiological monitoring and automated medical intervention.. The ultimate goal is to help the Army create an integrated system of nanotechnologies for Soldier protection.. NaNet.. | The Danish Nanotechnology Network.. The purpose of NaNet is to build bridges between Danish industries and research institutions within the area of nanotechnology.. The intention is to create growth and innovation for existing and future players within this area.. Nano Science and Technology Institute.. | The Nano Science and Technology Institute (NSTI) is chartered with the promotion and integration of nano and other advanced technologies through education, technology and business development.. NANOC.. | The Centre for Nanomaterials Applications in Construction is a research center in Bilbao, Spain, that aims to develop key nanotechnologies, such as high-performance materials, that the construction industry can use as a competitive tool.. Nanotechnology @ Zyvex.. | A brief introduction to the core concepts of nanotechnology, followed by links to further reading.. | The international small tech network.. | Promoting the world of nanobiotechnology.. | Nanotechnology news, products, jobs, events and information.. National Institute of Standards.. | NIST's mission is to promote U.. S.. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.. National Intelligence Council.. | The National Intelligence Council (NIC) is a center of strategic thinking within the US Government, reporting to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and providing the President and senior policymakers with analyses of foreign policy issues that have been reviewed and coordinated throughout the Intelligence Community.. Their Global Trends documents (2010, 2015, 2020, and 2025) track the emergence of nanotechnology.. National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network.. | The National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network ( NNIN ) is an integrated partnership of fourteen user facilities, supported by NSF, providing unparalleled opportunities for nanoscience and nanotechnology research.. National Nanotechnology Initiative.. | The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is a federal R D program in the USA that has been established to coordinate multi-agency efforts in nanoscale science, engineering, and technology.. National Science Foundation.. | NSF is the only federal agency whose mission includes support for all fields of fundamental science and engineering, except for medical sciences.. NISE Net.. | The Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network (NISE Net) brings together scientists, educators, artists, exhibit designers, and multimedia producers to design and implement innovative programs, exhibits, fora, and media that can attract and engage the public.. Northeastern University Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing.. | The Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing is a collaborative effort with core research partners.. Research falls into three categories: 1) Large scale directed assembly transfer, 2) Environmental health safety, and 3) Regulatory ethical issues.. Northwestern IIN.. | Northwestern University's International Institute for Nanotechnology has designed a web site to answer questions about nanoscience and nanotechnology.. Royal Society.. | The Royal Society, the UK's national academy of science, offers a nanoscience and nanotechnology information service.. Sandia National Laboratories.. | Nanoscience and nanotechnology at Sandia.. Swiss Nano Cube.. | Swiss Nano Cube is an online knowledge and education platform for micro- and nanotechnology.. It aims to spark interest in nanotechnology and engineering among students and young professionals.. It is addressed to teachers and students of vocational schools, secondary schools as well as higher professional schools.. The site was developed by the Innovation Society St.. Gallen and the Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET) with the support of several Swiss Federal Offices and private organizations.. The Arlington Institute.. | Founded in 1989 by futurist John L.. Petersen, The Arlington Institute is a research institute that specializes in thinking about global futures and trying to influence rapid, positive change.. | SNO is a non-profit, worldwide professional society comprised of individuals and institutions.. University of Toronto Centre for Advanced Nanotechnology.. | The Centre for Advanced Nanotechnology is Canada's first centre for nanotechnology research.. University of Wisconsin-Madison NanoWorld.. | The University of Wisconsin-Madison Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (UW MRSEC) Interdisciplinary Education Group uses examples of nanotechnology and advanced materials to explore fundamental science and engineering concepts at the college level and to share the wow and potential of these fields with public audiences.. Journals.. ACS Nano.. | ACS Nano is an international forum for comprehensive articles on synthesis, assembly, characterization, theory, and simulation of nanostructures, nanobiotechnology, nanofabrication, methods and tools for nanoscience and nanotechnology, and self- and directed-assembly.. The journal serves researchers at the interfaces of chemistry, biology, materials science, physics, and engineering.. arXiv.. | arXiv is an free online publishing service for researchers in the fields of physics, mathematics, non-linear science, computer science, quantitative biology and statistics.. arXiv is owned, operated and funded by Cornell University, a private not-for-profit educational institution.. arXiv is also partially funded by the National Science Foundation.. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology.. | The Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology is an international, peer-reviewed, Open Access journal.. It provides a unique platform for rapid publication without publication charges.. At the same time, all articles are freely accessible to readers worldwide.. The Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology is published and completely funded by the Beilstein-Institut, a non-profit foundation located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.. Bioinspiration Biomimetics.. | Learning from Nature, Bioinspiration Biomimetics publishes interdisciplinary research involving the study and distillation of principles and functions found in biological systems, and application of this knowledge to produce novel and exciting basic technologies and new approaches to solving scientific problems.. It has two principal aims: to draw on biology to enrich engineering and to draw from engineering to enrich biology.. FigShare.. | Scientific publishing as it stands is an inefficient way to do science on a global scale.. A lot of time and money is being wasted by groups around the world duplicating research that has already been carried out.. FigShare allows you to share all of your data, negative results and unpublished figures.. In doing this, other researchers will not duplicate the work, but instead may publish with your previously wasted figures, or offer collaboration opportunities and feedback on pre-print figures.. IoP.. | Electronic journals from the Institute of Physics.. IOP Nanotechnology.. | Nanotechnology encompasses the understanding of the fundamental physics, chemistry, biology and technology of nanoscale objects.. Journal of Nano Research.. | The Journal of Nano Research (JnanoR) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal, which publishes high quality work on all aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology.. The topics covered by the journal include the physical sciences, the life sciences, and theoretical and computational science and engineering.. JoVE : Journal of Visualized Experiments.. | The Journal of Visualized Experiments is an online, peer reviewed, PubMed-indexed, video journal where video is the main medium.. Each JoVE article consists of a short video segment that visually documents the required steps for performing an experiment.. The video is supplemented by several paragraphs of peer-reviewed text.. JoVE has developed a following in the life sciences, where being able to reproduce the results of an experiment in a timely fashion is a critical component to becoming a successful researcher.. | This periodical is free to all users that are interested in the latest news from the world of materials science.. Nano Letters.. | ACS Nano Letters is a leading forum for rapid communication of nanoscale research in a range of disciplines, from physical and materials chemistry to biotechnology and applied physics.. | Produced by IoN Publishing Ltd.. , in Scotland, Nano Magazine is a topics-based periodical that broadly surveys recent nanoresearch.. Nano Research.. | This nanotechnology journal is published monthly, and will be open-access in 2008 and 2009.. The Editors-in-Chief are Hongjie Dai, Stanford University, USA, and Qikun Xue, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.. | This periodical is free to all users that are interested in the latest news from the world of nanotechnology.. Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology.. | InTech, an international Open Access publisher in the field of STM, launched Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology in June 2011.. It is free for all, and therefore can be read online or downloaded free of any charge or subscription.. New research material can be submitted to be peer reviewed and included with no fees being levied.. NanoTrust Dossiers.. | NanoTrust, Austrian Academy of Sciences.. NanoTrust Dossiers are published irregularly and contain the research results of the Institute of Technology Assessment in the framework of its research project NanoTrust.. The Dossiers are made available to the public exclusively on this website.. National Defense Magazine.. | A business and technology magazine from the National Defense Industrial Association.. Nature Materials.. | Nature Materials is a monthly multi-disciplinary journal aimed at bringing together cutting-edge research across the entire spectrum of materials science.. Nature Nanotechnology.. | The journal on nanoscience by the Nature Publishing Group.. Nature Nanozone.. | Nature Materials delves into all things nano.. Nature Physics.. | Nature Physics brings you the latest and best in physics research from the Nature Publishing Group.. Physics@Nature.. | Featuring an archive of physics papers published in Nature, from 2000 onwards.. Science@Berkeley Lab Magazine.. | Berkeley Lab conducts unclassified research across a wide range of scientific disciplines with key efforts in fundamental studies of the universe.. Scientific Reports.. | Scientific Reports is an online primary research publication from Nature Publishing Group.. Scientific Reports is open to all, publishing technically sound, original research papers of interest to specialists within their field, without barriers to access.. | Scitable is an online science library and personal learning tool that has been created by Nature Education, a group devoted to publishing high quality educational resources.. This link provides access to their nanotechnology spotlight, which covers a basic explanation of nanotechnology, applied uses of nanotechnology, and issues of safety and ethics.. Nature Education is part of Nature Publishing Group, publishers of Nature, Scientific American, and many other journals.. Technoetic Arts.. | Technoetic Arts focuses upon the juncture between art, technology and the mind.. Divisions between academic areas of study, once rigidly fixed, are gradually dissolving due to developments in science and cultural practice.. This fusion has had a dramatic effect upon the scope of various disciplines.. In particular, the profile of art has radically evolved in our present technological culture.. Databases.. AZoM: The A to Z of Materials.. | An alphabetical listings of all materials covered at the AZoM web site and stored in their archive database.. Their home page has search engines that enable one to find particular materials.. AZoN: The A to Z of Nano.. | An alphabetical listings of all nanomaterials covered at the AZoN web site and stored in their archive database.. Their home page has search engines that enable one to find particular materials, and the directory has links to nanotech applications.. CRN Science Technology Essays - 2004.. | Archived essays from the Center for Responsible Nanotechnology.. CRN Science Technology Essays - 2005.. CRN Science Technology Essays - 2006.. CRN Science Technology Essays - 2007.. CRN Science Technology Essays - 2008.. IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology.. | Publications from the IEEE Nanotechnology Council, a multi-disciplinary group whose purpose is to advance and coordinate work in the field of Nanotechnology.. The Council supports the theory, design, and development of nanotechnology and its scientific, engineering, and industrial applications.. Lux Research.. | Lux Research is a nanotechnology research and advisory firm.. MaterialsGrid.. | The aim of the MaterialsGrid project is to create a pilot dynamic database of materials properties (such as elastic stiffness, dielectric constants, optical properties, heat capacity, electronic band gap).. Nanodictionary.. Nanomedicine Art Gallery.. | by Robert A.. Freitas Jr.. Nanopolis.. | The e-collaborative multimedia producer exclusively dedicated to nano-bio-technology.. | A powerful, free tool for the nanotechnology community to research nanomaterials from many different suppliers worldwide.. Nanoword.. | Nanoword.. net is an online nanotechnology resource focusing on education of the general public and distribution of nanotech products.. NanoXchange.. | The NanoXchange mission is to provide both nanotechnology experts and newcomers with a quick and efficient way to find registered suppliers who offer advanced products and services in nanotech and microsystems.. | Searchable product catalogs featuring product information, images, applications, and availability.. NASA Nanotechnology Gallery.. | NASA Ames nanotechnology effort started in early 1996 and has steadily grown to establish a Center for Nanotechnology.. The research work focuses on experimental research and development in nano and bio technologies as well as on a strong complementary modeling and simulation effort that includes computational nanotechnology, computational nanoelectronics, computational optoelectronics, and computational modeling of processes encountered in nanofabrication.. The Center has about 55 scientists working on the above aspects; in addition, graduate students, faculty on sabbatical or summer visits, undergraduate and high school students work at the Center through various internship programs.. NASA TechFinder.. | NASA TechFinder is a searchable database for technology opportunities, wherein users can submit requests for additional information.. TechFinder contains text and images from all 11 NASA centers and is updated within minutes of any changes made at a NASA Field Center.. NSF S E Indicators State Data Tool.. | The S E Indicators State Data Tool 2012 allows you to interactively explore the 58 indicators presented in Chapter 8 of Science and Engineering Indicators 2012.. You can explore a single indicator in depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, or customize your own indicator.. Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies.. | The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies was established in April 2005 as a partnership between the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Pew Charitable Trusts.. The Project is dedicated to helping ensure that as nanotechnologies advance, possible risks are minimized, public and consumer engagement remains strong, and the potential benefits of these new technologies are realized.. Science Direct.. | The world's largest electronic collection of science, technology and medicine full text and bibliographic information.. SPM Animation Gallery.. | Nanoscience Instruments focuses on scanning probe microscopy and nanoscale surface analysis instrumentation.. STM/AFM images.. | Institut für Physik, Universität Augsburg.. Talks on nanotechnology by Ralph C.. | Old talks on nanotech by Ralph C.. The Nanotech Regulatory Document Archive.. Each entry in the database provides a direct link and/or attached copy of a specific government document, an abstract of that document prepared for the database, and a listing of other pertinent information including author, date, and document type.. UK Institute of Nanotechnology Image Database.. | UK Institute of Nanotechnology Image Database.. UWisconsin Cineplex.. | University of Wisconsin-Madison Cineplex of Demonstrations.. Zyvex Images.. | This is a brief guide to some of the available images..

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