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  • Title: BACKPACKING LIGHTWEIGHT - Backpacking & Hiking Resources
    Descriptive info: .. Backpacking Lightweight HOME.. |.. About Us.. Contact Us.. Backpacking Hiking Community Forums.. the LIGHTWEIGHT GEAR Store.. BOOKS More.. ULTRALIGHT GEAR STORE.. :.. -.. Ultralight Backpacks.. Ultralight Bivy Sacks.. Ultralight Shelters.. Ultralight Tarps.. Ultralight Tents.. Ultralight Down Sleeping Bags.. Ultralight Synthetic Bags.. Ultralight Kitchen.. Ultralight Raingear.. Ultralight Apparel.. the Titanium Page.. WM Extremelite Sleeping Bags.. BACKPACKING GEAR TIPS.. Internal Frame Backpack Tips.. Sleeping Bag Pad Tips.. Backpacking Tent Bivy Tips.. Backpacking Cookware Tips.. Backpacking Food Tips.. Reduce Backpack Weight Tips.. Backpacking Gear Shopping Tips.. Backpacking Trip Planning Tips.. GEAR CHECKLISTS.. Hiking Essentials.. Gear List (1).. Gear List (2).. Seasonal Gear Lists.. 18Lb, 3-Day Pack.. 27Lb, 7-Day Pack.. The Day Hiking Pack.. SPECIAL INTEREST.. Beginning Backpacker.. Hiking with KIDS.. Ultralight Backpacking.. Winter Backpacking.. Bad Back.. MISC.. WRITINGS.. Featured Article.. A Gear Freak Speaks!.. Traveling Light.. Trekking Poles.. Winter Tips.. BACKPACKING HIKING.. Introduction.. SEARCH.. Kudos from You.. Advertisers.. PHILOSOPHY.. Backpacking Light!.. Ethics.. Oxymora.. Relativity.. GEAR, GEAR, GEAR!.. Knowledge Nuggets!.. Gear Planning.. - Part 1.. - Part 2.. Walking Stick.. Make Your Own Gear.. COMMUNITY.. Backcountry Forums.. TLB STORES.. Outdoor GEAR Store.. Backpacking BOOKs.. Backpacking FOOD.. URLs we call our own.. backpacking.. net.. biz.. litebackpacker.. com.. hiking.. Sony RX100 - Ultimate Ultralight Digital Camera.. Sony DSC-RX100 Digital Camera.. - 20.. 2MP 1" Exmor CMOS Low-Light Sensor.. - 28-100mm Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T Lens.. - Optical 3.. 6x Zoom & Digital 7.. 2x Zoom.. - Full HD 1080/60p Video.. - Measures: 4.. 00 x 2.. 29 x 1.. 41" / 10.. 16 x 5.. 81 x 3.. 59 cm.. - Weight: 8.. 47 oz / 240 g with Battery & Memory Card.. The Original, Powerful, Convenient, LED Micro Light.. The Lightweight Backpacker Welcomes You.. !.. If you engage in.. , at some point, you may consider packing a lighter load.. That consideration was the main reason that.. Backpacking Lightweight.. was created in 1996, and it continues to be its primary focus.. Since then, however, the.. Lightweight Backpacking Hiking.. website has grown to include a vast repository of resources useful for year-round backcountry safety enjoyment.. While it is true that.. promotes.. ultralight backpacking hiking.. , featuring.. lightweight backpacking equipment.. , it is a also a proven resource -.. for all backcountry travelers.. - for researching and purchasing quality outdoor gear!! We welcome you, and we hope you will enjoy traversing the.. website.. SHOP HIKING GEAR !.. B A C K C O U N T R Y.. THIS n' THAT.. Camping, Hiking, Backpacking Supplies.. Hiking with Children.. ( by Penny Schwyn ).. Hiking with Kids.. IMPORTANT.. This article is not meant to be a substitute for common sense, or a treatise on child care.. The purpose is to provide guidelines and suggestions as what has worked successfully for other parents who have ventured into the woods with their kids, before you.. Many people have contributed to this, either with direct assistance in editing, or through posts to rec.. backcountry.. INDEX.. (.. see article for index.. ).. Intro and General Considerations:.. You have kids, and now your hiking and backpacking life is over, correct? Wrong.. While some people decide that taking kids out into the backcountry is going to be too much work, there are many of us that have had wonderful family times with a little altering of how we did it "BC".. (before children).. (.. Complete Article HERE !.. BACKPACKING LIGHT GEAR SUGGESTIONS !.. We.. LOVE.. QUALITY Sleeping Bags !.. the Western Mountaineering Ultralite.. weighs 1 lb 10 oz (737 grams), rated 20 F / -7 C, 14 oz (397 grams) of 850-fill goose down, down-filled draft  ...   knows the value of lightening the weight one carries.. A lighter backpack can not only help propel one up that hill, or help ones knees on the backside of that hill, but also can help one enjoy the overall venture even more.. Before I began my lightweight change, I would hike just to get there.. Now - with less weight - I can actually hike just to hike.. As I look back several years ago, my backpack must have weighed in at over 50lbs.. It was an all too familiar feeling for me.. hike a few minutes, rest.. Hike a few minutes, rest.. With my heart beating so hard and my head reeling in exhaustion, I had a hard time enjoying what should have been solitude and serenity, but was only downright punishment.. It was during one of these moments several years ago when the ray of "light".. dawned.. BACKPACKING FOOD.. Stay Healthy--Eat Well.. MARY JANES FARM ORGANIC MEALS.. NATURAL HIGH GOURMET MEALS.. Our.. Favorite.. Ultralight Gear.. Black Diamond Ultralight Backpacks, Tents, Wings n' Things.. Evernew Titanium Cookware.. Equinox Ultralight Raingear, Shelters, Stuff Sacks.. Granite Gear Ultralight Backpacks, Stuff Sacks Accessories.. Hilleberg.. The Tentmaker.. Integral Designs Ultralight Shelters, Bivies.. Montbell.. Light Fast.. Outdoor Gear.. Snow Peak Ultralight Cookware.. Tarptent Ultralight Tents.. ULA-Equipment Ultralight Backpacks.. Western Mountaineering Extremelite Down Bags.. Free "MS Word" Downloads:.. ( click title, to download ).. The Philosophy Practice of Traveling Light in the Backcountry.. Winter Camping Tips.. Sherlock Holmes goes Camping.. Backpacking 14 Essentials.. Backpacking Gear Checklist.. Your newest projects published.. at the.. Make Your Own Outdoor Gear.. website:.. the FireLight Stove - a soda can stove - by Ray Prince.. Instructions for Making Your Own Backpack - by DJ).. Instructions for Making Your Own Bike Panniers - by Scott Shurlow.. THE KD5IVP Backpacker Yagi - by Paul Dryer, KD5IVP.. Jones Tent II - Two Person, Two Pound Tent - by Phil Jones.. Submit YOUR Projects !!.. Montbell Light & Fast.. More Lightweight Backpacking Gear.. Shelters.. BackPacks.. Sleeping Bags.. Water Treatment.. Kitchen.. Hydration.. Climbing.. Hiking Lightweight Tips.. - Black Diamond Headlamps, Tents,.. Backpacks, Climbing Gear-.. Innovative, ultralight, high-quality all describe Black Diamond gear.. Economical Gear Shopping.. OUTDOOR GEAR DAILY DEALS.. OUTDOOR GEAR OUTLETS, SALES, CLEARANCES, BARGAINS.. OUTDOOR GEAR INDEX.. Backpacking.. net.. TM.. Recommended Reading.. The Complete Walker IV : by Colin Fletcher.. Mountaineering First Aid : A Guide to Accident Response and First Aid Care.. Wilderness Medicine, Beyond First Aid : by William Forgey; Paperback.. ;.. Mountaineering: The Freedom of the Hills : The essential mountaineering book.. The Backpacker's Handbook : by Chris Townsend.. Backpacking : Woman's Guide.. Backpacking One Step at a Time : by Harvey Manning.. Basic Essentials Backpacking.. Beyond Backpacking : Ray Jardine's Guide to Lightweight Hiking.. The Advanced Backpacker : A Handbook of Year Round, Long-Distance Hiking.. Hiking the Triple Crown.. The Backpacker's Field Manual : A Comprehensive Guide to Mastering Backcountry Skills.. Simple Foods for the Pack, by Claudia Axcell, et al.. Trail Food: Drying and Cooking Food for Backpacking and Paddling, by Alan S.. Kesselheim.. Lipsmackin' Backpackin' : Lightweight, Trail-Tested Recipes for Backcountry Trips.. 'Search' for "backpacking" or other items below:.. All Products.. Apparel Accessories.. Baby.. Beauty.. Books.. Camera Photo.. Cell Phones Service.. Classical Music.. Computer Video Games.. Computers.. DVD.. Electronics.. Gourmet Food.. Health Personal Care.. Home Garden.. Jewelry Watches.. Kitchen Housewares.. Magazine Subscriptions.. Miscellaneous.. Music.. Musical Instruments.. Software.. Sports Outdoors.. Tools Hardware.. Toys Games.. VHS.. " Not all those who.. wander are lost ! ".. J.. R.. Tolkien.. TLB in.. THE TIMES.. BACKPACKER.. Copyright, 1996-2013.. Lightweight Outdoor Adventure Ltd.. All rights reserved..

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  • Title: BACKPACKING LIGHT - A Personal Note
    Descriptive info: a personal note from.. TLB.. To all my friends:.. The Lightweight Backpacker.. began in relative simplicity in late 1995, inspired by my own experiences of eschewing the traditional (heavyweight) methods of backcountry travel in preference to more streamlined (lightweight) methods.. During the past ten years,.. has grown significantly as has the recognition of lightweight equipment and techniques among backcountry enthusiasts as well as with the outdoor gear industry as a whole.. The lightweight/ultralight theme in outdoor gear will continue to increase and.. is commited to remain at the forefront related to lightweight backcountry travel & equipment.. As always, I  ...   past seven years, I have even received very negative comments -- about three of them as I recall -- that turned out to be very helpful.. So, please don't hesitate to share your observations and constructive opinions.. At the same time, I also appreciate your contributions of personal experiences and participation in the TLB Community Forums that help keep this project going and growing.. Again, thank you, and I hope your days are filled with many good things!.. If you are inclined to do so,.. please send contributions, inquiries and comments, here.. Charles Lindsey.. ||.. RETURN to TLB HOME.. ||..

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  • Title: E-Mail for the Lightweight Backpacker
    Descriptive info: Backpacking Community.. the Gear Store.. GEAR T-I-P-S.. Ultralight Gear Store.. Backpacking Lightweight Contact Form.. P.. lease use this form for sending e-mail to.. We use this method to avoid making our e-mail address available to those who send out Junk Mail.. So please, use this form to communicate with us.. Thank you!!.. S.. , here's a graphic of our address, if you want to send mail direct:.. Your Name:.. Your E-mail:.. Subject:.. Your Contributions, Comments or Questions:.. Copyright, 2011.. Backpacking Lightweight Ltd..

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  • Title: BACKPACKING Message Board Discussion FORUM
    Descriptive info: Backpacking Forum and Message Board.. The Backpacking Message Forums, also known as Backpacking Bulletin Board, Backpacking Chat and the Backpacking Discussion Groups, is an excellent place for outdoor gear discussion and to exchange info with experienced backcountry travelers who, frankly, are tired of carrying the kitchen sink into the backcountry.. The Backpacking Light discussion group has many lightweight and ultralight topics for both the backpacking light folks as well as backpackers, in general.. Many of the hiking forums members who frequent the backpacking message boards are already dedicated ultralight backpackers with much knowledge and wisdom to share in the backpacking forums, message board, and discussion groups related to reducing pack weight in the outdoor gear forum, including the option  ...   ability to post their classified ads for free in the outdoor gear bulletin board.. In addition to the backpacking message forum and hiking bulletin board, our community also features various and sundry subjects like our outdoor gear forums and discussion on ultralight outdoor gear, making outdoor gear, gear for sale, backpacking food, hiking partners, hiking with kids and more.. Also, there is much talk about ultralight topics and lightweight topics in the fifteen backpacking forums and also in the backpacker's discussion groups.. All in all our TLB community is rich in experience, knowledge and wisdom from experienced and seasoned backcountry travelers.. We hope you enjoy your time here at our Backpacking Message Board and please stay around for awhile.. !!!!!..

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    Descriptive info: Backpacking Hiking Community.. FEATURED BOOKS MENU.. From National Geographic.. USEFUL RESOURCES.. Backpacking Books Store.. Backpacking Books Hiking Books.. T.. he.. is an authorized associate of.. Amazon.. com Books.. You can order any of the.. backpacking books.. you find here, online, safely and inexpensively, from Amazon.. com's secure server.. The.. Backpacking Bookstore.. offers pre-selected book indices, accessible from the "Featured-Books Menu" on the left side of this page and also from the list below.. On the following pages, you will find:.. General Hiking Backpacking Book.. s.. - a list of the more popular and useful backpacking and hiking related books.. Here we've listed the books that we feel provide the technique, safety equipment knowledge needed for beginners and experienced backcountry travelers.. - cookbooks, backpacking recipe books, books on dehydrating food and books providing practical advice on how to stay well-fed and healthy in the backcountry.. - books that provide non-surgical solutions to mitigate pain and repair back and neck problems.. These approaches are proven to work as testified by the many who have posted reviews.. Caution is the word - each one of us is different and the same treatment probably won't work for everyone.. We will tell you, though, that the methods in the McKenzie books worked  ...   camping backcountry travel.. - books on topics related to helping you make your own outdoor gear.. - a wonderful collection of books that were recently compiled by the members of the Backpacking Lightweight Discussion Community on a wide ranging set of topics - instructional and entertaining.. - places to go, sites to see, stories to tell and guide books and maps to help you get there and back.. - some of our favorite National Geographic publications and maps.. There are many more maps, globes, atlases and such, so don't be shy about using the link at the bottom of the page to explore more stuff at the online National Geographic store.. We hope you enjoy your traverse of the Backpacking Lightweight website, and along the way, pick up the books you need to help you or to entertain you in all of the adventures that you pursue.. 'Search' for "backpacking books" or other items below:.. Read a Book !.. Cultivate a healthy mind - as Dan Quayle once said, "What a terrible thing to have lost one's mind, or not to have a mind at all.. How true that is.. ".. Other Resource:.. Visit the.. Backpacking Books Hiking Books Discussion Area.. Backpacking Books.. com All rights reserved..

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  • Title: Titanium Outdoor Gear
    Descriptive info: Shop Info.. Ask.. for.. Help.. the Gear.. Sleeping Pads.. Lighting.. Electronics Optics.. Dog Gear.. Accessories.. Snowsports.. Men's Apparel.. Women's Apparel.. Footwear.. Food.. Ways to Shop:.. Lightweight Items.. Top Brands.. Clearance.. Sale.. Shop Green.. Made in U.. A.. Award Winners.. Top Rated.. ____________.. Return to.. GEAR STORE.. Copyright.. Titanium Outdoor Gear.. The Titanium Page.. All Titanium Products List.. Titanium Cookware.. Evernew Ti Titanium Pots, Pans, Cups Mugs.. Montbell Titanium Spoon Fork, Cups Thermos.. MSR Titan Titanium Cookware.. Snow Peak Titanium Pots, Cups, Utensils.. Snow Peak LiteMax Titanium Stove.. Optimus Titanium Cutlery.. Vargo Titanium Products..

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    Descriptive info: Backpack Tips.. What to Look For.. Fitting a Backpack.. (torso measurement).. Bending Stays.. Testing the Fit.. Packing Tips.. Shop for Lightweight Backpacks.. What to Look For (Internal Frame):.. Double bottom with differentially cut inside layer--puts weight on inside layer, significantly prolongs life of pack.. Slim profile, especially if travelling off-trail.. Straps (removable) and loops for transporting sleeping pads, ice tools, etc.. Compression straps to enable a slim profile and stable load and for carrying poles, wands, etc.. Load-lifter straps to pull the load off the top of your shoulders.. A belt that cups over your hip bones, so the pack's weight is evenly distributed over the entire belt surface and not just on the part of the belt that rests on your hip bone.. Preferably, double zippers--in case one blows out, you won't lose functionality.. Head clearance.. You might want to look up (without hitting your head) to see where you are going.. ------------------------.. Fitting a Pack:.. First, a brief word about fitting a backpack.. As with boots, proper fit is the key with a backpack.. The weight of a pack is secondary, since a well-designed, heavier backpack.. may.. give you a more comfortable ride than a much lighter pack carrying the same load.. NOTE:.. Although weight may be secondary, it is nonetheless very important.. For example, don't automatically settle for a 7 pound Dana Terraplane when you mostly carry 30-40 pounds.. Firstly, understand your needs and how you're going to use this thing.. There are an increasing number of lightweight packs coming to the marketplace which might serve you better.. I, for example, loved my Terraplane--I sold it, recently--but I've cut the weight of my gear to the point that I just don't need it.. My desire is to find the perfect 2 1/2 to 3 pound, 4000 cubic inch pack that will give me a great ride with 35 pounds of gear in it--more than enough for a week.. Remember, if your pack weighs 6 to 8 pounds before you put anything in it, you can forget "lightweight".. Know your torso length.. Lack of this knowledge often causes an uncomfortable realization, after the fact, that the pack doesn't fit correctly.. The reason you must measure your torso, rather than guess what size pack you should have, based on your ability or size, can be illustrated as follows:.. A large, tall person can have a short torso (and long legs) thus requiring a smaller pack.. A shorter, smaller person can have a longer torso (and shorter legs-like me) and require a larger pack.. All pack makers design their packs with your torso in mind.. Thus, measure your torso, preferably before shopping, so you will have that knowledge in your pocket.. This will, hopefully, eliminate total dependence on outdoor-shop salespeople--who sometimes make mistakes !.. OK.. The torso.. To determine your torso size, ask a friend or family member to help you, if possible.. You will need a tape measure or tailor's tape to measure along your back from the seventh vertabrae--the largest bump on the back of your neck, with your head tilted forward--to a point on your lower back which is hortozontal with the top of your hipbones.. If you find that your torso is on the border between two sizes, my experience is to go with the larger size.. For example, if your torso is 18 and a small size is torso 16-18, and a medium size is 18-20, go with the medium because you'll have more room to make adjustments.. Most good packs allow for that.. The rest of the fitting you will need to do, although important, has more to do with what feels good.. It seems like I'm always getting a hipbelt or shoulder harness that feels right to me but doesn't jibe with the manufacturer's fitting instructions.. But a couple of things you should look for:.. The hipbelt should wrap around your hips, not your waist (or stomach) and the lumbar pad should be centered properly into your lumbar area.. You want a significant amount of the pack's weight on your hips (and, if you're like me, on the lumbar region).. A good way to do  ...   hips.. Experiment.. Once you've decided on purchasing a pack, ask if you can return the pack, if upon further testing and experimenting at home with your own gear loaded in it, you decide it's not the right pack, after all.. I buy most all my packs at Marmot, who allow you to purchase it, then take it home and try it out with your gear or whatever--keeping it clean, of course--so you can have time to decide if it really is the pack for you.. If the pack has interchangable parts, Marmot will allow you to bring back parts for exchange--if you don't like the way the hipbelt is wrapping around you, take it back and exchange it.. Look for that kind of professional support because it makes finding the right gear a whole lot easier.. Okay, I diverge, but hopefully this will help somebody.. Packing Tips:.. In General.. On-Trail.. Off-Trail.. Packing Tips, in General:.. Unless you have a bombproof, leakproof pack, organize gear in waterproof stuff sacks or heavy duty zip-loc freezer bags.. Color-coded stuff sacks make it easy to locate gear items and is an especially useful way of keeping track of smaller items.. Another option is to put a large heavy-duty garbage sack into your pack bag as a liner to ensure everything is protected (this is probably the lightest approach for keeping gear dry but doesn't provide for good gear organizationan).. Pack tent on top where you can get to it fast in a sudden storm without pulling out any of the rest of your gear.. Also, pack items such as raingear, water, snacks, sunscreen/sunglasses, bug juice, camera, binocs, and other quick access gear items, in an easily accessible location--right next to side zips, in the pack lid pocket, a side pocket, or on top of the pack, along with the tent.. If your pack doesn't have a framesheet between you and your gear, make sure you pack sharp and hard objects away from your back, preferably toward the outside of the pack.. Items like stove, cookpots, water & fuel bottles, and tent poles & pegs.. If your pack doesn't have a bottom compartment for your sleeping bag, and if you are on the trail for extended periods, you might want to consider putting your sleeping bag up toward the top of your pack.. Putting your bag at the bottom with all the rest of your gear on top of it won't help your bag's lofting ability.. Keep fuel (especially white gas) containers away from food and cooking gear.. Place fuel containers in heavy duty gallon zip-loc freezer bags and pack upright.. Strive for a horizontal distribution of weight, so that one side of the pack isn't heavier than the other.. You should keep the weight centered so that you don't lose your balance or hurt your back.. Slimmer is better.. Cinch down the pack's compression straps as you pack to help ensure a slim pack profile.. As it becomes apparent that you will need more space loosen the compression straps, accordingly.. When all packed, cinch down all compression straps and load stabilizers, in order to ensure a secure, stable load.. Remember, the fatter your pack becomes, the farther you must lean forward to bring the pack's center of gravity back over your hips--fat packs can result in sore backs !.. On-Trail Packing Tips:.. If mainly on the trail, especially for long distance treks, pack the heavier items in the upper portion of the pack, in order to create a higher center of gravity.. This centers the pack weight above your body where it's easier to carry (on easy to moderate tread).. Off-Trail Packing Tips:.. Men, if going offtrail, pack heavier items close to the back in the middle portion of the pack.. This will result in better stability when boulder hopping, post-holing, or whatever.. Women naturally have a lower center of gravity than men, thus may want to pack as if going off trail--heavier items a little lower in the pack-- on all occasions.. I know my daughter prefers to pack the same for all occasions.. Shop for Lightweight, High-Quality Backpacks:.. Lightweight Backpacks.. [.. RETURN HOME.. ]..

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    Descriptive info: Sleeping Bag Tips.. What's Best for You ?.. Attributes to Look For.. Cleaning Your Bag.. Shop for Lightweight Sleeping Bags.. What Sleeping Bag is Best for You ?.. To determine what's best for you, consider the following:.. In what conditions will you be using your sleeping bag ? How much are you willing to invest ? What comfort level are you willing to accept ? How long do you want it to last ? Are weight and compactness important ?.. There are several basic decisions which must be made.. What kind of bag fill do you need ? What kind of shell material do you need ? What bag design do you need ?.. Fill Materials.. Shell Materials.. Types of Sleeping Bags.. FILL MATERIAL.. For consistently wet or damp weather conditions, consider a bag with either synthetic fill--which insulates well when wet--or a goose down bag encased in a microfiber or gore-dryloft shell--and be careful to keep it dry--down doesn't insulate when wet.. Synthetics like lite-loft, primaloft, polarguard, hollofil, microloft, etc.. are superior for wet conditions.. They retain a great deal of their insulating ability when wet, so in damp environments like the US Pacific Northwest, a synthetic bag may be the best choice.. They're relatively easy to clean, resistant to mildew and rot, and they dry faster than down.. In most cases they are cheaper.. That's about the extent of their advantages over down !.. Many of the newer synthetic bags are made of the new Polarguard 3D.. It is softer and lighter and just as durable as its older Polarguard siblings, and reviews say that it is more compressable than other synthetics.. Goose Down is lighter, more compressable, warmer by weight, and much more durable and long-lived (like 300%).. With the invent of dryloft and microfiber shells as coverings for down bags, down is a consideration even in damp environs.. You can also further encase a down bag in a gore-tex bivy sack for greater waterproofing.. In the winter, some folks prefer synthetic bags for long-duration outings.. The reason is that in extreme cold, your body releases moisture as you sleep, so the down bag gets wet from the inside even though well protected from the outside.. One way to prevent that is to use a vapor-barrier lining which keeps the moisture away from the down.. In my opinion, even though down is more expensive (much more so in high-end bags), it is a better long-term investment since it could last 3 times longer, if properly cared for.. At the same time, the comfort level, lighter weight, and ease of packing can't be beat.. How's that for an objective view ?.. However, having got that bias off my chest, I, as one who lives in the damp Pacific Northwest USA, desire to have a nice, lightweight synthetic bag.. The newer Polarguard 3D looks pretty good.. SHELL MATERIALS:.. Gore-Tex is out as a shell material because it just didn't breathe well enough to allow body moisture to escape.. It also didn't fare well when washing time came around - gtx-down bags had a penchant to delaminate - I got a brand-spankin-new Feathered Friends Swallow when my old gtx Swallow delaminated.. Gore stood behind it but now knows better.. No more gtx shells.. There's nylon (a tight weave), polyester, microfiber (a tightly woven material), and various flavors of Gore Dryloft and Dryloft look-alikes.. The nylon shells used by most bag makers have a coating of DWR (Durable Water Repellent) which will provide some measure of water resistance and the tight weave of the nylon provides a good measure of wind resistance, as well.. Ripstop nylon adds reinforcing threads to provide a more durable material whereas nylon taffeta is silky smooth to the touch but not nearly as durable as ripstop.. There is also polyester ripstop and polyester taffeta which are heavier than their nylon counterparts.. The microfiber shells offer a better water resistance and are windproof.. The microfiber shells have good breathability and are lighter than Dryloft but less water resistant..  ...   velcro or snap-shut closure over the zipper, at the top of the bag to prevent the zipper from sliding in the middle of the night.. These tips are pretty much common knowledge and practice, but I'll send them your way, anyhow, just in case!.. First off, I try to keep my bag clean and wash infrequently.. There are ways to keep your bag clean:.. Keep debris out of your tent - including snow, mud, dirt.. Clean off your clothes & boots before getting into your tent as much as you can and as often as you can.. Why? Because debris in your tent means debris in and on your bag.. I sometimes wear lightweight underwear and liner socks to bed so all the body dissipates are absorbed not by my sleeping bag.. Also, some folks use a sleeping bag liner for this purpose (as well as for adding a couple degrees of warmth to the bag).. But, a time comes when the wash needs to be done.. When that happens, here's a couple of tips:.. FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS! Sounds simple, but most of us don't.. There are probably cleaning instructions attached to the bag - follow them.. Do not wash in your home washer and dryer.. Use a large front-load commercial washer.. The kind most laundromats have.. For two reasons: these washers have more capacity to accommodate your bag and they do not have center agitator which can damage your bag.. Use cleaners suggested by your bag manufacturer.. Lots of good cleaners available made especially for down & synthetics.. If you can't find adequate guidance and/or commercial cleaners, use a mild powder but not a liquid which can damage your bag's shell.. Wash in warm or cold water, but not hot, on a gentle cycle.. Dry in the commercial dryer.. Don't bother putting tennis balls/shoes or other foreign objects in with your bag.. They can actually damage the bag and they are unnecessary because the down will eventually fluff up on its own.. After drying your bag, lay it out or hang it up to fully dry and loft prior to storage.. NEVER store your bag in a compressed bag or sack.. ALWAYS store in loose way in a cotton sleeping bag storage bag or, as I do, wrap in cotton bed sheet and hang from the ceiling of your bedroom.. If all this is too much to handle, you can do as I have done, in the past, and send it downtown Seattle to Feathered Friends and for $20 they will do the dirty deed for you.. Closed-Cell Foam Pads.. , on the plus side, are ultra-light, inexpensive, waterproof, and durable.. On the downside, they are bulky, inconvenient to pack, and unconforming to your body and the terrain.. Open-Cell Foam Pads.. , on the plus side, are ultralight, inexpensive, compresses better than Closed-Cell Foam and cushions well.. However, the thing is really just a sponge.. When it touches moisture it becomes a soggy sponge.. Most often, the open-cell variety is encased in a nylon inflatable shell to protect it from the elements.. These are the Self-Inflating Mattresses.. Self-Inflating Mattresses.. , are very comfortable, have adjustable air pressure, good body heat retention, compress better than closed-cell and, and are easy to pack.. They are relatively expensive, are heavier than Closed-Cell pads, and are prone to puncture (optional repair kit adds even more weight to the pack).. In summary, Closed-Cell is lighter, cheaper, and bombproof.. Self-Inflating Mattresses are more comfortable, compact, and warmer.. To determine which pad is best for you, consider what your needs are.. In what weather conditions are you using it (or a combination of them)? Consider importance of warmth, weight, price, bulk, durability, and general comfort.. What's your priority ? You might consider a 3/4 length closed-cell for a quick minimalist over-nighter; or a full-length 1 1/2 inch self-inflating for a long-distance trail trek; or a combination of self-inflating and closed-cell during the winter--on the snow--for maximum warmth.. Shop for Lightweight, High-Quality Sleeping Bags:.. Ultralight Sleeping Bags.. Lightweight Sleeping Bags..

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    Descriptive info: Backpacking Tent Tips.. Reduce Condensation in Single-Wall Tents.. Need To Know About Tents/Bivies.. Shop for Lightweight Backpacking Tents.. Note: these tips were originally written for the Garuda Jalan Jalan, but may be applicable for other tents as well.. I find that condensation usually isn't a problem, but in inclement weather, when you have to batten down the hatches , the following tips will be especially helpful:.. (1) I try to prop up the tail section on the outside of the tent with a stick or rock so more air can get in (and I sleep forward enough on the inside to keep the rear vent unblocked but not so far forward that my breath isn't picked up by the flow of air moving toward the front vent.. (2) I generally sleep on my back so moisture from breath goes up to air flow rather than collecting on floor or sides of tent - generally, I say, but not always.. (3) I replace the delrin rod sections which hold vents open with a longer piece of delrin so that the opening is opened to capacity (ie, it opens wider than it originally did) so more air can flow thru.. (4) I typically do not camp in low places (where air flow gets stagnant and moisture settles) and face tail of tent into prevailing winds to maximize air flow.. (5) I try to minimize bringing wet clothes into the tent unless I have no alternative.. (6) I spray the outside of tent with Tectron DWR so water will bead up and roll off (rather than saturate the material).. Now, W.. L.. Gore has come out with Revivex, which is supposed to be superior.. (7) In inclement weather, I try to at least prop the door(s) open at the bottom to increase air flow.. On some tents you may have to sew a non-moisture-absorbing nylon loop on the bottom outside of your tent door, for this purpose.. Tie an elastic cord to the door, via the loop, and stake it out.. Tents Bivies.. Tent Types.. Tent Usages.. Tent Poles Stakes.. Features to Look For.. Tent Care.. Tent Pitching.. Tent Living.. Bivy Sacks.. TYPES OF TENTS:.. The following information isn't intended to be an exhaustive survey of all types of tents in existence.. It is, however, a review of the types of tents that have been proven to be the most successful and popular within the backcountry community.. Dome:.. Basic dome shape with walls that gently curve in and up to meet at the apex.. This design provides ample headroom, maximizes living space and the ability to sit upright.. However, its basic symetrical design with just two poles leaves a significant amount of unsupported tent material, such that, this design is best used in moderate weather conditions, only.. Modified Dome:.. Variations on the basic dome shape provide more structural integrity for withstanding nasty weather.. Most notable is the addition of more poles--including cross sections--and tapered tent ends for better wind resistence.. Hoop / Tunnel:.. In the shape of a tunnel, typically with a higher section in front--just high enough to provide the only place in the tent where you can barely sit up--and tapering downward to the rear.. This is a one or two pole design with the longer pole in front.. This tent requires stakeing in order to create and maintain structural integrity.. Also, and most attractive, is that this design is very lightweight--but does not provide a lot of room to move around in.. Pyramid / Teepee:.. Essentially, this is just a waterproofed sheet or tarp draped over a center pole and staked out.. This design is gaining popularity for snow camping.. It provides a roof under which you can dig and design your living quarters.. In the summer, however, beware the bugs !.. Freestanding:.. This is, undoubtedly, the most convenient tent design to work with.. It is easier to set up, since it is self supporting--once the poles are inserted, it stands on its own without tent pegs.. After set up, it can easily be moved around to the ideal piece of ground.. It can be turned upside down and lifted overhead to shake out dirt, turned upside down or hung from a tree (or ceiling) for ease of drying.. However, it is always prudent to stake out these tents since they could easily be relocated by a strong breeze.. In addition, on double walled free-standing tents, the fly may need to be staked out, as well.. Single-Wall Construction:.. These tents are made with one layer of waterproofed / breathable material.. They forego the use of a tent fly.. They also, typically, require less zippers, stakes, webbings, and tie-out cord, and as a result, are significantly lighter than double-walled tents, and are easier to set up.. Ventilation is a critical factor here, because these tents are more prone to condensation.. Whereas the double walled tents have an inner canopy made of thin, uncoated nylon which breathes very well, and air space/air movement between the fly and canopy to provide excellent breathability and ventilation, the thicker, waterproof-coated material of the single-wall tent does not breathe as well, thus condensation results.. Extra care must be taken to ensure that these tents have good ventilating features like lower vents in back to draw in cold air and high vents in front to release warm air.. Also, it is important to pitch the end of the tent into the wind to enable increased ventilation.. It is helpful to leave wet, steamy gear outside or under the vestibule so it won't create water vapor inside the canopy.. Also, heavy breathers are more inclined  ...   provide a large enough opening ? Are the zippers large enough to grip with gloves on--with cold hands ?.. -- Ventilation:.. critical requirement ! Do homework on this one.. On single-wall tents, look for low vents in back and high vents in front, look for double door zips so air holes can be created even when the door is securely shut.. On double-walled tents, look for mesh windows, rear mesh windows, mesh doors (in addition to solid material doors), make sure design allows for good circulation of air between the tent and the tent fly.. -- Amenities that aid in making it more Homey :.. e.. g.. , ceiling loops (to use for rigging up clothes line), mesh wall pockets (for organizing and storing small gear items that are readily needed) dual entry way (so you won't step on your partner's face in the middle of the night).. TENT CARE:.. -- Don't Store It Wet:.. clean thoroughly dry whenever you can, on the trail, and especially, when you get home, in order to.. avoid mildew destruction.. -- Use a Ground Cloth:.. protect the bottom from object intrusions.. -- Fastidious Selection of Tent Sites:.. protects tent bottom aids in a good night sleep.. -- Seal all Seams !.. keep water outside !.. -- Don't Cook Inside:.. duh ! Don't melt the nylon walls ! Don't burn down your shelter ! Don't asphyxiate yourself !.. -- Don't Leave It In the Sun for prolonged periods--set up in shade, if possible:.. UV rays break down the fabric (and waterproofing).. -- Keep It Swept Out:.. dirt under you and your sleeping bag slowly grinds away at the tent floor.. -- Isolate Wet/Muddy Gear:.. better to clean up one small messy spot than the whole tent.. -- Assemble/Disassemble Poles with Caution:.. poles chip, dent, break, and cords stretch.. -- Stuff It for Transport.. constantly folding the same way causes creases which compromise the weatherproofing on the tent, as well as, eventually, cracking the material, itself.. -- Poles Stakes in Separate Sack:.. poles stakes can tear and/or poke holes in the tent material.. TENT PITCHING:.. -- First, always look for well-established tent sites that are already flattened (and probably bald).. -- Look for a well-drained flat spot--avoid low lying areas where water may collect, especially if a sudden rain storm should occur.. -- Always pitch lower-rear-end of the tent into the prevailing winds.. This will increase ventilation inside the tent and protect the tent entryway (and you) from wind and inclement weather.. -- Look for natural, protective windbreaks like boulders, clumps of thick brush, trees, etc.. behind which to pitch your tent, in order to enjoy a more calm cooking and camping area.. -- Before driving tent stakes too far into the ground, lay on your sleeping bag inside the tent to ensure that (1) you will be lying level or with head slightly higher that the rest of your body and (2) there are no stones or sticks directly under the floor.. Make adjustments, then finalize your stake-out.. TENT LIVING:.. -- Rig up clothes lines across tent ceiling for drying wet/damp clothes--helps to minimize mildew overly offensive odors, as well as effective for drying clothes.. -- Carry miniature card games, cribbage, etc.. , to pass time during inclement weather.. -- Use plumber's candles or commercial candle-lanterns for prolonged periods of artificial light.. -- Establish consensus on rules of the tent related to eating, drinking, wet clothes, etc.. in the tent, before the trek begins.. -- Use available mesh wall pockets to organize and store items which are needed in the middle of the night--flashlight, toilet paper, time piece, altimeter, whistle, medicine, etc.. BIVY SACKS:.. Bivies are a great alternative shelter when you want to travel fast and light.. There are definite trade-offs, though.. Typical applications or situations where bivies are frequently used are (1) emergency shelter for very long day hikes (2) emergency and/or primary shelter for alpine climbing (3) long-distance, high-daily-mileage travel, and (4) multi-day cross country travel.. Positives:.. -- Lightweight (my Bibler weighs 18 oz).. -- Packs Small (like a medium-sized cantaloupe).. -- Requires Little Ground-Space--fast and easy to setup.. Negatives:.. -- Condensation can be a problem.. -- Gear has to stay outside.. -- Tight quarters.. Hard, but not impossible, to change clothes inside.. -- Clostrophobic quarters when inclement weather necessitates total closure.. Tips:.. -- Place boots and/or clothes in headspace.. This (1) keeps them dry and (2) lifts the bivy material off your face.. -- Sew loop on hood.. Tie parachute cord on loop.. Toss parachute cord over tree limb.. When snug in bivy, pull on other end of parachute cord to pull bivy material up off your face.. Provides ample room for reading via headlamp.. -- Use Gore-Tex or Dry-Loft sleeping bags, otherwise condensation could get fill material wet--especially a problem with down.. -- A bivy with 2/3 coverage of Gore-Tex, Todd-Tex, or other wa-- Apply thin bead of SeamGrip on all seams, even if bivy was seam-sealed at the factory.. terproof, breathable material, generally has less condensation problems.. Most bags have top 1/2 in waterproof, breathable material and the bottom 1/2 in waterproofed, non-breathable tent bottom material--(ergo the condensation).. Some manufacturers--like Feathered Friends--make bivies with 2/3 wrap around gore-tex and 1/3 tent bottom--(ergo more breathability and less condensation).. Attributes to Look For in a Bivy:.. -- Large enough for a Winter sleeping bag and mattresses.. -- Room in headspace for (at least some) gear.. -- Factory-sealed seams.. -- Mosquito netting.. -- Top 1/2 to 2/3--preferably 2/3-- covered with breatheable, waterproof material.. -- Design which best prevents you from getting clostrophobia.. Shop for Lightweight, High-Quality Shelters:.. Lightweight Backpacking Tents..

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    Descriptive info: Cookware Tips.. About The Pot Materials.. Cookware Kit Contents.. Shop for Lightweight Cookware Stoves.. ABOUT THE POT MATERIALS:.. Although there are several materials that are used in outdoor cookware, I'll concentrate on the materials that are currently being used in the leading backpacking cookware.. In other words, I won't be talking about copper, enamel, or castiron.. The materials of note in this section are aluminum, stainless steel, and titanium.. ALUMINUM.. Aluminum (the uncoated variety), once the mainstay lightweight cookware for backpacking, has gone out of favor for many folks, for several reasons.. One is because the aluminum oxidizes, over time, and is thought to be connected to health problems, including alzheimer's disease.. In addition, aluminum is not very resilient in that it dents and deforms, very easily.. If you use aluminum pots for cooking, rather than just boiling water, be prepared to seek out some fine mud & gravel, because your food will probably stick to the metal.. Here's an in-depth review of Aluminum, as a cookware material.. STAINLESS STEEL.. Another reason uncoated aluminum has lost popularity is because of the invent of ultra-lightweight stainless steel cookware.. Stainless steel cookware is strong and durable.. It does not however, distribute heat as evenly as aluminum.. Here's a review of Stainless Steel, as a cookware material.. NON-STICK COATED ALUMINUM.. Non-stick, coated aluminum cookware is becoming popular in the backpacking ranks--for example, Traveling Light's Evolution Cookware.. Although heavier than uncoated aluminum, it is comparable to lightweight stainless steel, is durable, and has good heat distribution.. Here's a review of Non-Stick, Coated Aluminum, as a cookware material.. TITANIUM.. Can't get any lighter than this.. It is extremely resilient and durable.. Because the metal is so thin, it also does an adequate job of evenly distributing heat.. It weighs about 1/2 of what the lightweight stainless steel and coated aluminum pots weigh.. Here's a review of Titanium.. ATTRIBUTES TO LOOK FOR:.. Look for the following attributes when shopping for cook pots:.. ROUNDED BOTTOM EDGES:.. For two reasons, (1) the pots are easier to keep clean--food stuff doesn't get caught in seams where the sides meet the bottom section and (2) flames/heat from your stove can more easily move up the sides of the pot.. BLACKENED BOTTOMS & SIDES:.. Most pots do not come blackened, but over time may become that way, especially if  ...   stability.. Otherwise, well, your gripper-handle could easily slip off your pot and your soup would be in your lap.. LIGHT WEIGHT:.. There's quite a number of good pots available, nowadays.. Look for the lightest manifestation which meets your requirement.. COOKWARE KIT CONTENTS:.. A person could get quite carried away here.. This is, however,.. , so I'll be brief.. SMALL ULTRALIGHT CARRYING SACK:.. I like mesh, at least on one side, so the contents can breathe, just in case things like damp spoons and such have a chance to fully dry out.. CONDIMENTS:.. Your choice--powdered garlic, onion, parsley, cayenne, other herbs.. Carry each in a small, plastic container (you can buy, at REI and other outdoor shops, containers like film canisters but about 1/2 the size).. You can also carry them in small zip-loc freezer bags, but be careful of holes developing in those bags, especially over the duration of a multi-day trip.. NOTE: I don't use film canisters because I was told that residual chemicals typically remain in those canisters long after the film is removed.. I haven't yet taken the time to validate that information, but, in the meantime, I don't use them.. SPOON:.. Choose your own utensils, however, I see need for only one lexan soup spoon (with 1/3 of the handle sawed off--and sharp edges sanded down).. OPTIONAL: COFFEE FILTERS & LIGHTWEIGHT PLASTIC-CONE FILTER HOLDER,.. if you are a coffee drinker and carry coffee grounds into the woods.. Carry your grounds inside heavy-duty zip-loc freezer bags or small plastic containers with secure, tight-fitting lids.. An option, on the other hand, is to leave the filters and plastic cone at home and take along "coffee-bags" that you steep in your cup like tea.. A whole lot lighter and less messy.. OPTIONAL: SMALL SCRUBBER SPONGE:.. This may be prudent if you have cookware that has a protective coating which could be compromised by rubbing mud and sand over it.. OPTIONAL: INSULATED MUG with LID:.. Optional during the 3-season.. Very important piece of gear, though, in the Winter.. In the 3-seasons, if you do carry the insulated mug, leave the lid at home and save an ounce and a half.. OPTIONAL: PLASTIC BOWL:.. For solo packers, eat out of your pot.. If two packers, one will need a bowl.. Shop for Lightweight, High-Quality Cookware Stoves:.. Lightweight Backcountry Kitchen..

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    Descriptive info: Planning Your Food Allowance.. Keep it Light & Simple.. Vitamin & Mineral Supplements.. One Person's Method.. PLANNING YOUR FOOD ALLOWANCE:.. In general, when planning your "lightweight" trip, figure about 2 lbs of food per day, more or less, depending on your needs, the type of food you will carry, the weather conditions (cooler weather necessitates more food - possibly with higher fat content - to keep you warm), and the length of time you'll be out there.. Typically, for short duration outings - 6 days or less - you can get by with less food.. For longer duration treks - say a week or more - like doing the AT or PCT - you may need progressively more nourishment.. You may be able to get by with 1 1/4 pounds per day for awhile, but find you require 2 1/4 pounds within a couple of weeks.. Before embarking on a long backcountry expedition, experiment in your kitchen, on overnight hikes, and on multi-day hikes.. For you, more strenuous hikes may require more food.. It's good to understand your needs before leaving on a ten day hike.. I learned that lesson the hard way.. Carry foods that require little or no cooking.. It is important, however, to have at least one hot meal per day, preferably in the evening.. A hot meal will help you keep warmer on cold nights, help you sleep more soundly and, in general, help maintain your psychological and physiological well-being.. For your hot meals, try to bring food that can be prepared in its own package (like many of the freeze-dried meals on the market) or remove them from their own packaging and put into heavy-duty freezer bags which can tolerate boiling water.. Also, when measuring out meals, err on the "too  ...   do is boil water and pour it into the freezer bag, close the bag, which retains heat rather well, and let sit for several minutes before feasting.. I also really enjoy many Mary Janes Farm dried meals which are made from 100 percent organic ingredients.. These meals like -- Organic Alfredo Pasta, Organic Chilimac, Organic Cheesy B.. N.. T.. Pasta (bacon bits, noodles, tomatoes), Organic Kettle Chili (and too many more to mention) plus desserts like Organic Bavarian Chocolate Mousse - yum!.. VITAMIN & MINERAL SUPPLEMENTS:.. Supplemental vitamins and minerals are very important for our health and well-being in the woods, especially, if we're out for a long duration.. I carry two to four packets of E-mer'gen-C Vitamin & Mineral powder per each day that I will be out.. I take, at least, one in the morning and one in the afternoon, mixed with water.. It is rich in vitamin C (potassium ascorbate), has 8 times more potassium--200 mg--than gatorade, 25 different electrolytes, 1000 mg of Vitamin C, all the B vitamins, and many minerals, in each packet.. Yet, each packet weighs only 1/5th of an ounce.. It makes a difference for me.. Helps keep me energetic with a positive attitude !.. ONE PERSON'S METHOD:.. My method requires boiling one quart of water in the morning for oatmeal, cereal, or granola with fruit, and a 12 ounce cup of delicious Caffe d' Amore cappuccino (purchased packets at REI) and/or Singlebrew gourmet coffee (from a large tea-style bag).. I also boil one quart of water in the evening for an instant-soup or freeze-dried feast along with a 12 ounce cup of licorice-root tea, other herbal concoction, or hot cocoa.. I don't use a stove during the day but take a number of snack type foods to eat..

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